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Of all the battles fought by British, the Battle of Buxar cemented  the way for expansion and consolidation of British Empire in India. Elucidate.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Of all the battles fought by British, the Battle of Buxar cemented  the way for expansion and consolidation of British Empire in India. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  Modern Indian history by Spectrum Publications

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part Modern history.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to bring out the importance of Battle of Buxar and in what way it paved way to expansion and consolidation of British Empire in India.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief about the battle of Buxar.

Body:

The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company, led by Hector Munro, and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal till 1763; the Nawab of Awadh; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.

British East India Company emerged victorious defeating the Mughal forces. The war ended by the signing of the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765.

Elaborate the consequences of the battle to show how it paved way for expansion and consolidation of the British Empire in India.

Explain that the Battle of Buxar had far-reaching implications in the consolidation of the British Empire in India. It influenced the politico-economic conditions of Bengal in particular and of India in general.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.