Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
1. The world’s glaciers are shrinking at a faster rate than before with densely-populated parts of Asia at risk of flood and water shortages if the trend continues, in this context discuss in detail the impact of glacial melt across the World. (250 words)
Reference: Financial Express
Why the question:
The question is based on the conclusion of a new study by ETH Zurich and University of Toulouse researchers, who found the world’s ice fields, lost 298 gigatons of ice per year from 2015 to 2019, a 30% increase in the rate of retreat compared with the previous five years.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the impact of glacial melt across the World.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by quoting key facts from the report.
According to a new study by ETH Zurich, the world’s glaciers are shrinking at a faster rate than before with densely-populated parts of Asia at risk of flood and water shortages if the trend continues. The study found that the world’s ice fields have lost 298 gigatons of ice per year from 2015-2019, a 30 per cent increase in the rate of retreat compared with the previous five years.
Then elaborate on the Impact of glacial melt – Altered river flows, Impact on economic activities, Impact on weather pattern, Impact on humans and wildlife etc.
Conclude with solutions to mitigate and address the issue.