Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
7. The gene-editing technology has opened up a vast window of opportunities in the recent years. Explain briefly what gene editing technology is with its potential applications in various fields. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article explains how the huge potential of the gene-editing tool decided the chemistry Nobel.
Key Demand of the question:
Describe briefly what gene editing technology is with its potential applications in various fields.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what you understand by Gene editing technology.
CRISPR-CAS9 is a technology that allows scientists to essentially cut-and-paste DNA, raising hope of genetic fixes for disease. However, there are also concerns about its safety and ethics.
CRISPR is a dynamic, versatile tool that allows us to target nearly any genomic location and potentially repair broken genes. It can remove, add or alter specific DNA sequences in the genome of higher organisms.
Explain how Gene-editing works.
Discuss what are the possible advantages of Gene editing? Also suggest the pros and cons of it.
Conclude with importance.