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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 May 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. Child marriages are a clear violation of human rights and the issue needs to seek convergence within all relevant laws, policies and programmes for children. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

Odisha plans to stop child marriage during COVID-19 crisis. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the importance of convergence of solutions to address child marriages with all relevant laws, policies and programmes for children.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key data on child marriages in India and its prevalence as of today.

Body:

Child marriage in India has been practiced for centuries, with children married off before their physical and mental maturity. The problem of child marriage in India remains rooted in a complex matrix of religious traditions, social practices, economic factors and deeply rooted prejudices. With the pandemic induced lockdown, the cases of child marriages are on rise in India.

Discuss the causative factors.

Explain why we should focus on convergence with all relevant laws, policies and programmes for children. Give examples and explain its importance.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Child marriage is a clear violation of human rights and the issue needs to find convergence within all relevant laws, policies and programmes for children. All children have a right to care and protection; to develop and grow to his/her full potential, regardless of their social and economic situation. Child marriage is a blatant violation of all these rights and it is imperative for all stakeholders to curb these occurrences as a matter of priority.

 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2. Bodily autonomy is the foundation upon which all other human rights are put together and now it’s time to recognize and realize this autonomy for all. Elaborate in the Indian context. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The State of World Population Report 2021 titled ‘My Body is My Own’ was released by the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA). The report focuses on bodily autonomy. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain what bodily autonomy is and discuss the need to recognise its importance for all in India.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by Bodily autonomy.

Body:

Bodily autonomy means that individuals have the power and agency to make choices over their bodies and futures, without violence or coercion.

Then discuss how we measure bodily autonomy. Discuss the findings of the report in relevance to the context of the question.

Suggest solutions to address – Through the new international Action Coalition on Bodily Autonomy and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, UNFPA is championing access to contraception and comprehensive sexuality education and promoting measures that will empower women and adolescents to make autonomous decisions about their own bodies.

Conclusion:

Conclude that r ealizing bodily autonomy is essential to achieving UNFPA’s goals of ending the global unmet need for contraception, preventable maternal deaths, gender-based violence and harmful practices by 2030.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. Despite having robust historical link between India and Britain, both countries find it hard to move on from the entrenched past. Critically examine. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article throws light upon the India-Britain relationship from past to present.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how the two nations have a deep historical connection. But both have found it hard to move on from entrenched prejudices of the past.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with historical background of the two nations.

Body:

Explain that the bitter legacies of the Partition and Britain’s perceived tilt to Pakistan have long complicated the engagement between Delhi and London. To make matters worse, the large South Asian diaspora in the UK transmits the internal and intra-regional conflicts in the subcontinent into Britain’s domestic politics.

While there is no way of fully separating South Asian and British domestic politics, Delhi’s problems have been accentuated by the British Labour Party’s growing political negativity towards India. For generations, Indian elites grew up thinking Labour was more empathetic towards India, while resenting the Conservative condescension.

Conclusion:

Suggest way forward.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Discuss the concept of “One health Approach” and analyse it’s significance in handling zoonotic diseases. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article brings to us the concept of “One health Approach”.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of “One health Approach” and analyse its significance in handling zoonotic diseases.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what is “One health Approach”.

Body:

One Health is a collaborative, multispectral, and trans disciplinary approach — working at the local, regional, national, and global levels — with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes recognizing the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment.

Studies indicate that more than two-thirds of existing and emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, or can be transferred between animals and humans, and vice versa, when the pathogen in question originates in any life form but circumvents the species barrier.

Analyse its significance in handling zoonotic diseases.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

5. Discuss the starring role of Council of Scientific and Industrial research (CSIR) in India’s fight against COVID-19 pandemic. (250 words)

Reference:  Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The question is about the key role played by CSIR amidst covid-19 pandemic.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the starring role of Council of Scientific and Industrial research (CSIR) in India’s fight against COVID-19 pandemic.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief introduction of CSIR.

Body:

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is the largest research and development (R&D) organisation in India. CSIR has a pan-India presence and has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 Innovation Complexes and 5 units.

Discuss its objectives in detail. From bringing in self-reliance ranging from indelible ink to the fight against Covid-19, CSIR has played a vital role and shall do so in any future pandemic or calamity that India faces.

CSIR identified the unmet needs, assessed its strengths and capabilities for addressing the pandemic and adopted a multi-pronged strategy of working on diagnostics, surveillance, drugs, hospital assistive devices, personal protective equipment and supply chain and logistics.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  role of media

6. Responsible news media not just needs to provide credible information but also needs to enjoy the trust of the population. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The question is amidst rising responsibility of News media amidst tough situations the world is facing owing to covid-19 pandemic.

Key Demand of the question:

Comment upon the role of media in providing credible information and the need to enjoy the trust of the population at the same time.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief context of the question.

Body:

Explain that If the idea of journalism is to function as an integral estate of democracy, and if its mandate is to empower citizens, then it not just needs to provide credible information but also needs to enjoy the trust of the population. Citizens should direct questions towards influential voices.

Give examples in support of your answer.

Take hints from the article and support your answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

7. The gene-editing technology has opened up a vast window of opportunities in the recent years. Explain briefly what gene editing technology is with its potential applications in various fields. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains how the huge potential of the gene-editing tool decided the chemistry Nobel.

Key Demand of the question:

Describe briefly what gene editing technology is with its potential applications in various fields.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by Gene editing technology.

Body:

 CRISPR-CAS9 is a technology that allows scientists to essentially cut-and-paste DNA, raising hope of genetic fixes for disease. However, there are also concerns about its safety and ethics.

CRISPR is a dynamic, versatile tool that allows us to target nearly any genomic location and potentially repair broken genes. It can remove, add or alter specific DNA sequences in the genome of higher organisms.

Explain how Gene-editing works.

Discuss what are the possible advantages of Gene editing? Also suggest the pros and cons of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


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