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Congo Declares End Of Latest Ebola Outbreak

Topics Covered: Issues related to Health.

Congo Declares End Of Latest Ebola Outbreak:


Context:

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has officially declared the end of the 12th Ebola outbreak.

  • Since the outbreak declared on February 7, 2021, a total of 12 cases have been reported.
  • Thanks to the experience of the DRC’s response team and health partners, the epidemic has been brought under control in less than three months after its declaration.

About Ebola:

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.

Transmission: The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.

The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.

Prevention: Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Good outbreak control relies on case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service and social mobilisation.

Treatment: Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival. There is yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralise the virus but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under development.

Ebola

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. How is Ebola spread?
  2. What are zoonotic diseases?
  3. Differences between virus, bacteria and other pathogens.
  4. Where is Congo?
  5. Regions in Africa where Ebola outbreak was observed?

Mains Link:

Discuss how the Ebola pandemic was handled by Congo Republic.

Sources: ET.