Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
2. Bodily autonomy is the foundation upon which all other human rights are put together and now it’s time to recognize and realize this autonomy for all. Elaborate in the Indian context. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The State of World Population Report 2021 titled ‘My Body is My Own’ was released by the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA). The report focuses on bodily autonomy. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain what bodily autonomy is and discuss the need to recognise its importance for all in India.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what you understand by Bodily autonomy.
Bodily autonomy means that individuals have the power and agency to make choices over their bodies and futures, without violence or coercion.
Then discuss how we measure bodily autonomy. Discuss the findings of the report in relevance to the context of the question.
Suggest solutions to address – Through the new international Action Coalition on Bodily Autonomy and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, UNFPA is championing access to contraception and comprehensive sexuality education and promoting measures that will empower women and adolescents to make autonomous decisions about their own bodies.
Conclude that r ealizing bodily autonomy is essential to achieving UNFPA’s goals of ending the global unmet need for contraception, preventable maternal deaths, gender-based violence and harmful practices by 2030.