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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 April 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. Despite numerous efforts by the government to eliminate child marriage, it is widely prevalent in India. By examining the reasons, discuss the bearing of child marriage on Indian economy. (250 words)

Reference:  Down to Earth

Why the question:

The article presents to us the importance of Time and support as the essence in preventing child marriages.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the factors responsible for child marriages in India and examine them by evaluating their impact on the economy.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some shocking data related to Child marriages in India that can show some appreciation of the context of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the efforts of government in eliminating Child marriages in India and explain why the efforts haven’t been very fruitful.

Examine the reasons that have led to child marriages in the country from past to present and also its prevalence.

Discuss the bearing of child marriage on Indian economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the problems.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. Analyse the nuances of sovereign control of the State over the temples. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article presents understanding the demand for relieving government control of temples.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to analyse the nuances of sovereign control of the State over the temples.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief context of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Arguments to justify sovereign control of the State over the temples – Historical and cultural dimension, Secular distinction, Constitutional provisions of religious liberty; Article 25(2)(a), Article 25(2)(b).

Then present your arguments in support of relieving government control of temples – Gross misconduct in temple administration, State control is limited to secular activities, Demand for the right of representation in affairs of management of temples etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Discuss how democratization of education through its digitalization can be a boon in the long term to ensure quality education. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explains that the aggravation of education crisis in India due to pandemic warrants for taking some urgent steps to solve the gaping education crisis.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss how democratization of education through its digitalization can be a boon in the long term to ensure quality education.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief context of the current crisis facing education.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Firstly explain the education crisis in India; with public schools being completely shut for an entire year now, the majority of our kids have had no access to any form of education for over 12 months. Due to obvious problems like lack of smart devices and access to the internet, these kids have missed an entire year of schooling. Most of them have probably also forgotten what they already knew.

Suggest solutions to address creative ways to solve gaping education crisis in short term such as restarting schools at outdoor locations and in smaller groups, expanding the definition of teachers, disseminating free standardized content through existing widespread mediums.

Explain how democratization of education through its digitalization can be a boon in the long term to ensure quality education.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4. Despite being one of the largest welfare states in the world, India seems to have failed to provide for its most vulnerable citizens during the COVID-19 pandemic. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains how leveraging existing schemes and providing universal social security is of utmost importance in the current times.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the importance of making social welfare universal in the country and analyse the failures of the government in this regard while suggesting solutions to fix the same.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

India witnessed multiple crises: mass inter- and intra-migration, food insecurity, and crumbling health infrastructure. As per some estimates, the pandemic has pushed an estimated 75 million people into poverty. The second wave of the pandemic has also affected middle and upper-class citizens.

Body:

Explain that Economic capital, in the absence of social capital, has proven to be insufficient in accessing healthcare facilities. India has over 500 direct benefit transfer schemes for which various Central, State, and Line departments are responsible. However, these schemes have not reached those in need.

Then move on to argue for a universal social security system in India. Present arguments with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the pandemic has revealed that leveraging our existing schemes and providing universal social security is of utmost importance. This will help absorb the impact of external shocks on our vulnerable populations.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. Deliberate upon the risks and vulnerability of earthquakes in the Himalayan region. Also suggest earthquake preparedness measures to abate the effect of it. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.4 struck Assam. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Deliberate upon the risks and vulnerability of earthquakes in the Himalayan region. Also suggest earthquake preparedness measures to abate the effect of it.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start with the definition of Earthquake.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss briefly the Earthquake proneness of regions in India especially the seismic zones of India. Entire northeastern India, parts of the UTs Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rann of Kutch, parts of North Bihar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are classified as Zone-V.

Explain the risks and vulnerability of earthquakes in the Himalayan region.

Suggest earthquake preparedness measures to abate the effect of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Li-Fi

6. Can the Li-Fi technology prove to be the green avatar of Wi-Fi? Discuss and explain the challenges before India in realizing the potential of Li-Fi technology. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of Li-fi technology and it’s potential.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to analyse if the Li-Fi technology prove to be the green avatar of Wi-Fi.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by Li-Fi technology.

Body:

Li-Fi, or light fidelity, invented by German physicist and professor Harald Haas, is a wireless technology that makes use of visible light in place of radio waves to transmit data at terabits per second speeds—more than 100 times the speed of Wi-Fi.

Explain how Li-Fi works. List down its advantages and its limitations.

Present its potential applications.

Explain how it presents greater opportunity for India

Conclusion:

If Li-Fi can be put into practical use, every LED lamp (indoor as well as outdoor) can be converted into something like a hot spot to transmit data to every mobile device to achieve universal broadband communication between devices.

 

Topic: Blockchain Technology

7. Blockchain Technology is potential of revolutionizing the traditional Banking system, do you agree? Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  investopedia.com

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of Blockchain Technology.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way Blockchain Technology is potential of revolutionizing the traditional Banking system.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what Blockchain Technology is.

Body:

A blockchain is a decentralized ledger of all transactions across a peer-to-peer network. Using this technology, participants can confirm transactions without a need for a central clearing authority. Potential applications can include fund transfers, settling trades, voting, and many other issues.

Discuss then its specific applications in the Banking system. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies act both as digital money and also a method to send payments in that money-form around the globe. These transactions require only an internet connection and take place instantly. While it is true that it may take many minutes for a transaction to be 100% confirmed, the transaction itself takes place in a matter of moments. These transactions are borderless, secure and largely anonymous.

Suggest challenges if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


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