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INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 28 April 2021

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically. 

current affairs, current events, current gk, insights ias current affairs, upsc ias current affairs

 

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 2:

1. Article 223 of the Constitution.

2. Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI).

3. Report on trends in global military expenditure.

4. Human Rights Watch.

 

GS Paper 3:

1. ‘Large Area Certification’ scheme.

2. Project ‘Pyrasol’.


GS Paper  :  2


 

Topics Covered: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Article 223 of the Constitution:


Context:

The President of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 223 of the Constitution of India, appointed Justice Rajesh Bindal, senior-most Judge of Calcutta High Court, to perform the duties of the office of the Chief Justice of the court.

About Article 223 of the Indian Constitution:

“Appointment of acting Chief Justice”

When the office of Chief Justice of High Court is vacant or when any such Chief Justice is, by reason of absence or otherwise, unable to perform the duties of his office, the duties of the office shall be performed by such one of the other Judges of the Court as the President may appoint for the purposes.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Article 223 is related to?
  2. The procedure.
  3. Powers and functions.

Mains Link:

Write a note on the procedure to be followed while appointing a Chief Justice to a High Court.

Sources: PIB.

 

Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI):


Context:

In a move to counter China’s dominance of supply chain in the Indo-Pacific region, trade ministers of India, Japan and Australia have formally launched the Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI).

What is it?

  • The SCRI aims to create a virtuous cycle of enhancing supply chain resilience with a view to eventually attaining strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth in the region.
  • Initially, SCRI will focus on sharing best practices on supply chain resilience and holding investment promotion events and buyer-seller matching events to provide opportunities for stakeholders to explore the possibility of diversification of their supply chains.

Possible policy measures under the initiative may include:

(i) supporting the enhanced utilization of digital technology.

(ii) supporting trade and investment diversification.

Significance:

  • The SCRI aims to reduce dependence on China amid a likelihood of rechurning of supply chains in the Indo-Pacific region amid the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • It seeks to build upon the existing bilateral frameworks like the Asean-Japan Economic Resilience Action Plan and India-Japan Industrial Competitiveness Partnership and attract foreign direct investment in the region.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About the initiative.
  2. Participants.
  3. Objectives.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of the initiative.

Sources: PIB.

 

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Report on trends in global military expenditure:


Context:

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has released its report on trends in global military expenditure in 2020.

Key findings:

  1. The five biggest spenders in 2020, which together accounted for 62 per cent of global military expenditure, were the United States, China, India, Russia and the United Kingdom.
  2. The world’s top military spenders saw their military spending go up compared to 2019, even during a pandemic year.
  3. The US spent a total of $778 billion, China spent $252 billion and India’s military expenditure was $72.9 billion.
  4. In total, the global military expenditure rose to $1981 billion last year, an increase of 2.6 per cent in real terms from 2019.

About SIPRI:

  • The Sweden-based SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
  • It was established in 1966 on the basis of a decision by the Swedish Parliament and receives a substantial part of its funding in the form of an annual grant from the Swedish Government.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About SIPRI.
  2. Key findings.
  3. Reports. India’s spending analysis.

Sources: Indian Express.

 

Topics Covered: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Human Rights Watch:


Context:

Human Rights Watch said on Tuesday that Israel is committing the crime of “apartheid” by seeking to maintain Jewish “domination” over Palestinians and its own Arab population.

  1. It pointed to measures, including movement restrictions, land confiscation, forcible population transfer, denial of residency rights and suspension of civil rights.
  2. The report finds that the Israeli government is the “single authority” with control “over the area between the Jordan River and Mediterranean Sea”.

What has the Israel said?

Currently under investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for alleged war crimes, Israel blasted HRW’s accusations as “preposterous and false”, accusing it of having “a long-standing anti-Israeli agenda”.

About Human Rights Watch:

  • Founded in 1978, it is an international non-governmental organization, headquartered in New York City, that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
  • The group pressures governments, policy makers, companies, and individual human rights abusers to denounce abuse and respect human rights, and the group often works on behalf of refugees, children, migrants, and political prisoners.
  • Headquartered in New York.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About HRW.
  2. Functions.
  3. Objectives.

Mains Link:

Comment on Israel- Palestine conflict.

Sources: the Hindu.


GS Paper  :  3


 

Topics Covered: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

‘Large Area Certification’ scheme:


Context:

14,491 ha area of UT of A&N Islands has become the first large contiguous territory to be conferred with organic certification under ‘Large Area Certification’ scheme.

About the ‘Large Area Certification’ scheme:

  • Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare under its flagship scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY) has launched this unique quick certification programme to harness these potential areas.
  • Under LAC, each village in the area is considered as one cluster/group.
  • All farmers with their farmland and livestock need to adhere to the standard requirements and on being verified get certified en-mass without the need to go under conversion period.
  • Certification is renewed on annual basis through annual verification by a process of peer appraisals as per the process of PGS-India.

Benefits of LAC:

  1. As per the established norm of organic production systems, the areas having chemical input usage history are required to undergo a transition period of minimum 2-3 years to qualify as organic.
  2. During this period, farmers need to adopt standard organic agriculture practices and keep their farms under the certification process.
  3. On successful completion, such farms can be certified as organic after 2-3 years. The certification process also requires elaborate documentation and time to time verification by the certification authorities.
  4. Whereas under LAC requirements are simple and the area can be certified almost immediately.

InstaLinks:

Prelims and Mains Links:

Key features and significance of the scheme.

Sources: PIB.

 

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

Project ‘Pyrasol’:


Context:

The foundation stone of the integrated Solar Dryer and Pyrolysis pilot plant was recently laid at Chennai.

  • The pilot is part of the Indo-German project ‘Pyrasol’, launched to transform urban organic waste into biochar and energy in smart cities.
  • It was awarded to CSIR-CLRI by the Indo-German Science & Technology Centre.
  • The project will ultimately lead to technology development for the joint processing of Fibrous Organic Waste (FOW) and Sewage Sludge (SS) of Indian smart cities into hygienic and highly valuable biochar associated with energy recovery, carbon sequestration and environmental improvement.

Project Pyrasol:

The project focuses on managing and organising collection, treatment, and disposal systems of urban wastes in Indian Smart Cities as well as in other urban centres with an integrated and interactive approach.

About Indo-German Science & Technology Centre (IGSTC):

  • Established by India and Germany to facilitate Indo-German R&D networking with emphasis on industry participation, applied research and technology development.
  • IGSTC through its flagship program ‘2+2 Projects’, catalyses innovation centric R&D projects by synergising the strength of research and academic institutions and public/private industries from India and Germany.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About program ‘2+2 Projects’.
  2. About Indo-German Science & Technology Centre (IGSTC).
  3. Project Pyrasol.

Sources: PIB.


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