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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 April 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Social empowerment

1. While it is important to celebrate the achievements related to the changes in the status of women in our society, it is even more pertinent to reflect on how far behind we are from our own goal of an equal society. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Deccan Herald

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of social equity and specifically gender equity.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concerns around achieving gender equity in our society and suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of social equity and specifically gender equity.

Body:

The adoption of our Constitution was also a declaration of a dream for an equal society where everyone would have equal opportunities to schooling, good health, speak and dissent, work, elect and get elected. Although we have achieved gender parity, that is, equal representation of girls and boys, or men and women in certain respects, we are far from achieving substantive gender equality in most cases.
Examine the above case for sectors like – education, Health, economy etc. and analyse the roadblocks in them to achieve gender parity or concerns around status of women.

Discuss the policies and programmes of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

2. Do you think its time to take a re-look at the post of governor or at least codify their powers to ensure that tyranny of the unelected does not triumph over popular governments. Analyse with examples. (250 words)

Reference: Deccan Herald

Why the question:

The article presents to us a detailed analysis of the post of Governor and a re-look of it.  

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss with examples the need to recognise the codification of powers of the Governor to ensure that tyranny of the unelected does not triumph over popular governments.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the constitutionality of the post of the Governor, explain the powers and responsibilities enshrined.

Bring out the lacunae in the codification of powers of a Governor. Give examples to justify the same.

Take hints from the article and explain what needs to be done to ensure the post is more mature in terms of exercising its powers and responsibilities.

Conclusion:

Conclude that it is perhaps time to take a re-look at the post of governor itself or at least codify their powers to ensure that tyranny of the unelected does not triumph over popular governments.

 

Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3. A sector led, action based approach could provide the framework to drive low carbon transformation in our country. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains a low carbon future based on sector led approach.  

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the significance of a sector led approach in driving the low carbon transformation in the country.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the question.

Body:

Explain first the hurdles in the adoption of a net-zero targets by India – Compromised development: Though a large country and economy, we are still a very poor country with a significant development deficit — our per-­capita carbon emissions are less than half the world average.

Talk about alternative strategy.

Discuss the significance of sectoral decarbonisation of Power Sector, explain the sector led approach such as – Create a multi-stakeholder Just Transition Commission, Address existing problems, Towards leadership in technologies of future etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

4. Maoism is a social, economic and developmental issue manifesting as a violent internal security threat, In this context, discuss the issues and suggest some measures to end the Maoists extremism in India. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explains the security threat that Maoism poses.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the issue of Maoism in India and suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some statistics related to Maoism in India or brief history of it.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain the history and evolution of Maoism in India.

Then discuss in what way Maoism is a social, economic and developmental issue manifesting as a violent internal security threat.

Highlight the problems in detail.

Suggest solutions to address them, one can also comment on the policies of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Analyse the challenges in commercialization of green hydrogen as energy fuel in India. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

India will soon join 15 other countries in the hydrogen club as it prepares to launch the National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM).  Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse the challenges in commercialization of green hydrogen as energy fuel in India

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by Green Hydrogen.

Body:

In 2030, according to an analysis by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), green hydrogen demand could be up to 1 million tonnes in India across application in sectors such as ammonia, steel, methanol, and transport and energy storage. However, several challenges in scaling up to commercial-scale operations persist. We propose five recommendations.

Discuss the challenges in detail.

Suggest what needs to be done; First, decentralised hydrogen production must be promoted through open access of renewable power to an electrolyser (which splits water to form H2 and O2 using electricity). Second, we need mechanisms to ensure access to round-the-clock renewable power for decentralised hydrogen production. And we must take steps to blend green hydrogen in existing processes, especially the industrial sector and so on.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Explain what constitutes Marine litter? And account for the effects it has on Economy and public health. (250 words)

Reference:  DDI News

Why the question:

Indian Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) and German Environment Ministry’s Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH India signed an agreement recently on Marine litter. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain what constitutes Marine litter and account for the effects it has on the economy and public health.

 Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of Marine litter.

Body:

Explain the impact of Marine litter – Marine litter threatens ecosystems and adversely affects fishery and tourism industries around the globe. In addition to negative economic impact, it affects public health with increased concerns about micro-plastic and risk of particles entering the food chain.

In recent times, the level of plastic waste that has accumulated in our oceans and marine ecosystems through the increasing production and use of durable synthetic materials has alarmed the public and policy makers alike. It is estimated that 15-20% of all plastics are entering oceans via riverine ecosystems of which 90% are contributed by 10 of the world’s most polluting rivers. Two of these river systems are located in India, namely Ganga and Brahmaputra.

Discuss what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. Absence of alignment to take and own responsibility as moral development is the leading cause of pitiable work ethics in government’s offices. Do you agree with the statement? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the work ethics in government offices.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the need for proper orientation and need to own responsibility as moral development to ensure effective functioning of government offices ethically.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss what you understand by Absence of alignment to take and own responsibility as moral development.

Body:

Discuss the concept of work ethics; explain the need to take responsibility.

Such answers are best explained with case studies/examples, one must give day to day office situation to explain the need for moral responsibility as a key feature to ensure good work ethics.

Discuss why there is lack of moral development in the government offices? Suggest how it can be inculcated. Explain and suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


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