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Analyse the challenges in commercialization of green hydrogen as energy fuel in India.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Analyse the challenges in commercialization of green hydrogen as energy fuel in India. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

India will soon join 15 other countries in the hydrogen club as it prepares to launch the National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM).  Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse the challenges in commercialization of green hydrogen as energy fuel in India

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by Green Hydrogen.

Body:

In 2030, according to an analysis by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), green hydrogen demand could be up to 1 million tonnes in India across application in sectors such as ammonia, steel, methanol, and transport and energy storage. However, several challenges in scaling up to commercial-scale operations persist. We propose five recommendations.

Discuss the challenges in detail.

Suggest what needs to be done; First, decentralised hydrogen production must be promoted through open access of renewable power to an electrolyser (which splits water to form H2 and O2 using electricity). Second, we need mechanisms to ensure access to round-the-clock renewable power for decentralised hydrogen production. And we must take steps to blend green hydrogen in existing processes, especially the industrial sector and so on.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.