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Probe China over Xinjiang crimes: HRW

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Probe China over Xinjiang crimes: HRW:


Context:

Human Rights Watch has appealed to the United Nations to investigate allegations China’s government is committing crimes against Uighur Muslims in the Xinjiang region.

What’s the issue?

The rights group cited reports of the mass detention of Muslims, a crackdown on religious practices and other measures against minorities in the northwestern region. It said they amount to crimes against humanity as defined by the treaty that established the International Criminal Court.

What needs to be done?

As China is not a party to the Rome Statute, and hence, the ICC does not have the territorial jurisdiction over the crimes allegedly perpetrated there. China could use its veto power as a permanent UN Security Council member to block action against Chinese officials.

    • Therefore, the UN Human Rights Commission should create a body to investigate the charges, identify those responsible and provide a road map to hold them accountable.

Background:

More than 1 million people have been confined to camps in Xinjiang, according to foreign governments and researchers. Authorities there are accused of imposing forced labor and birth controls.

    • The Chinese government rejects complaints of abuses, saying the camps are for job training to support economic development and combat radicalism.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

    1. Who are Uighurs?
  1. Where is Xinjiang?
  2. Who are Han Chinese?
  3. Indian states bordering Xinjiang province.

Sources: the Hindu.

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