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NASA Mars helicopter makes first flight on another planet

Topics Covered: Awareness in space.

NASA Mars helicopter makes first flight on another planet:


Context:

NASA successfully flew its tiny helicopter Ingenuity on Mars on 19th April, the first powered flight on another planet.

  • Ingenuity’s goal is to demonstrate its technology works, and it won’t contribute to Perseverance’s science goals.

About Perseverance:

  • Launched on July of 2020.
  • A key objective for Perseverance’s mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life.
  • The rover will characterize the planet’s geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).
  • Perseverance is fueled by electrical power by using heat of plutonium’s radioactive decay.
  • Perseverance will carry a unique instrument, MOXIE or Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment: which for the first time will manufacture molecular oxygen on Mars using carbon dioxide from the carbon-dioxide-rich atmosphere (ISRU means In Situ Resource Utilization: or the use of local resources to meet human needs or requirements of the spacecraft).

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Missions to Mars.
  2. Perseverance- objectives.
  3. Instruments onboard.
  4. About the UAE’s Hope and China’s Tianwen-1 spacecraft.
  5. Pathfinder mission.

Sources: the Hindu.

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