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National climate vulnerability assessment

Topics Covered: Conservation and disaster management related issues.

National climate vulnerability assessment:


Context:

National climate vulnerability assessment released. The report is titled ‘Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Adaptation Planning in India Using a Common Framework’.

  • It identifies the most vulnerable states and districts in India with respect to current climate risk and key drivers of vulnerability.

Key findings of the report:

  • It has identified Jharkhand, Mizoram, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal as states highly vulnerable to climate change.
  • These states, mostly in the eastern part of the country, require prioritization of adaptation interventions.

 Need for vulnerability assessment:

  • Mapping the parts of India that are vulnerable to extreme changes will help initiating climate actions at the ground level.
  • The assessment will help Policymakers in initiating appropriate climate actions. It will also benefit climate-vulnerable communities across India through development of better-designed climate change adaptation projects.
  • The assessments can further be used for India’s reporting on the Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement. And finally, these assessments will support India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Key findings of the report.
  2. states highly vulnerable to climate change as per the report.

Mains Link:

What is climate change vulnerability? Why is it significant? Discuss.

Sources: PIB.