Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. Give an account of fire prone regions in India. Explain what are the major challenges in controlling the forest fire? (250 words)
Why the question:
Uttarakhand has witnessed over 1,000 incidents of forest fire over the last six months. Since the start of 2021, there has been a series of forest fires in Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland-Manipur border, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat, including in wildlife sanctuaries.
Key Demand of the question:
Account for the fire prone regions in India and explain the major challenges in controlling the forest fires.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with some data related to forest fires in India.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
Briefly discuss the importance of forest fires in India. Forests play an important role in mitigation and adaptation to climate change. They act as a sink, reservoir and source of carbon.
Spatially account for Fire-prone forest region in India. Draw a map to support it well.
Discuss the causes of forest fires. Then examine the major challenges in handling them.
Discuss the Government efforts in controlling forest fire.
Conclude with way forward.