Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
7. Extremism is a major hindrance to the development of a region. Discuss in the context of North east Insurgency. (250 words)
Why the question:
NEI has been witnessing insurgency since 1950s and there is no end in sight. Even though some states in the NEI have remained peaceful after ending insurgencies, overall the situation in the region is not conducive to peaceful living and corresponding prosperity. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the issue of extremism in North Eastern States.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief background of North East States.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
First explain why Extremism in NE has become a major challenge to the development of the region.
Present an overview of conflict in North East.
Explain the general conditions favoring Insurgency. Large scale migration has created a fear in the minds of people that they will be reduced to minority in their own states or regions. Migrants threaten their culture and traditions and also occupy already limited employment opportunities. Migration of Muslims has also imparted it a communal color. Lack of economic opportunities and governance deficit making it easier for people to feel alienated and left out and thus providing support for insurgency. Porous international borders and easy availability of arms. Difficult terrain and weak infrastructure facilitating insurgents involved in conflict. Deep sense of alienation due to human right violation and excesses by security forces.
The insurgencies of NEI have continued for the past seven decades despite various efforts by GoI for a permanent solution. Resolving the ongoing insurgencies in NEI will be the harbinger of peace and consequent economic prosperity for the millions of people in NEI.