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Discuss the issues with the urban healthcare system in India. Explain how greater role for local bodies can boost urban healthcare provided administrative challenges are addressed.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Discuss the issues with the urban healthcare system in India. Explain how greater role for local bodies can boost urban healthcare provided administrative challenges are addressed. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why the question:

The article from Livemint explains how the third tier of government can bolster urban health.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the issues with the urban healthcare system in India. Explain how greater role for local bodies can boost urban healthcare provided administrative challenges are addressed.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief about the urban healthcare system in India.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

First explain the issues with urban healthcare system in the country. Less focus on urban health, Lack of primary health infrastructure, Absence of urban sub-centres (SCs): Most states do not have urban sub-centres (SCs), people’s first point of access for healthcare services. ‘Over-hospitalization’: Urban areas suffer from ‘over-hospitalization’ of basic care etc.

Discuss the Government initiatives to improve urban healthcare.

Then explain the need of decentralized healthcare through ULBs.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.