Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.
3. Kazakhstan’s clout in regional organizations can help India further its Connect Central Asia strategy. Explain. (250 words)
Reference: Financial Express
Why the question:
In a recently concluded visit, the Defence Minister of Kazakhstan and India discussed ways to strengthen bilateral defence cooperation between the two countries.
Key Demand of the question:
One is expected to discuss in what way Kazakhstan’s clout in regional organizations can help India further its Connect Central Asia strategy.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what Connect Central Asia strategy is of India.
Explain the significance of Kazakhstan to India – Geopolitical significance: Kazakhstan’s geo-political existence between Russia and Asia, along with long borders with China, makes it a country of great strategic importance. Kazakhstan remains important for the International North-South Transport corridor that will provide a multimodal network for moving freight between India, Iran, Afghanistan, Russia, Central Asia and Europe.
Economic potential: Kazakhstan is India’s largest trading partner in Central Asia. Indian investments in Kazakhstan are in areas such as oil and gas, banking.
Energy resources: Uranium is one of the major imports from Kazakhstan.
Active involvement of Kazakhstan in regional organizations: Kazakhstan is an active member of regional organizations like the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Eurasian Economic Community (EURASEC), Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), etc.
Conclude with way forward.