Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. 80 percent of people worldwide rely on herbal medicines for some aspect of their primary health care needs. In this context discuss the potential of medicinal plants in India. (250 word)
Why the question:
The question is based on the theme of “Medicinal plants”.
Key Demand of the question:
One is expected to discuss the potential of medicinal plants in India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with importance of medicinal plants in India.
The term “medicinal plant” includes various types of plants used in herbalism (“herbology” or “herbal medicine”). It is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of such uses.As per data available over three-quarters of the world population relies mainly on plants and plant extracts for their health care needs. More than 30% of the entire plant species, at one time or other were used for medicinal purposes. It has been estimated, that in developed countries such as United States, plant drugs constitute as much as 25% of the total drugs, while in fast developing countries such as India and China, the contribution is as much as 80%.
Thus, the economic importance of medicinal plants is much more to countries such as India than to rest of the world. These countries provide two third of the plants used in modern system of medicine and the health care system of rural population depend on indigenous systems of medicine.
Conclude with way forward.