Topic: GS-3: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
GS-4: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
6. What is Data Scraping? What are the different types? Discuss the ethical concerns involved in it and suggest what needs to be done to address the gaps. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu.
Why the question:
The question is premised on the concept of Data scrapping.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with definition of Data scrapping.
Explain in detail about ‘data scraping’, reasons behind it, its legality and how this data is helpful for the businesses.
Data scraping is a technique used by the attackers to extract valuable data from a website. For this, an application is used by the attackers to scrap data for unauthorized purposes.
Then explain the Types of data scraping – Content scraping, Price scraping, Contact scraping.
Comment on the legality of it – The legality of data scraping is still a matter of debate amongst the business owners. It is legal as far as the data scraped is available in the public domain and is used to gain insights and not for profit out of it. Many companies like Facebook do not allow data scraping on their websites and can sue the companies extracting data.
Conclude with way forward.