Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing
5. India’s long coastline has the potential of becoming the strength of the economy particularly through Aquaculture; in this context discuss the challenges and advantages of practicing aquaculture along with the efforts of the Government in this direction. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
To bolster confidence in India’s frozen shrimp produce, the country’s biggest seafood export item, the Centre has kicked off a new scheme to certify hatcheries and farms that adopt good aquaculture practices. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the challenges and advantages of practicing aquaculture along with the efforts of the Government in India for Aquaculture practices.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Aquaculture resources in India include 2.36 million ha of ponds and tanks, 0.798 million ha of flood plain lakes/derelict waters plus in addition 195 210 km of rivers and canals, 2.907 million ha of reservoirs and that could be utilized for aquaculture purposes.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
Aquaculture (aqua farming) means farming of aquatic organisms in both coastal (saltwater) and inland (freshwater) areas. As per FAO, aquaculture in India accounts for 85% of the total fish production.
Write about the scope of aquaculture in India and then in brief mention about the challenges associated with it.
Discuss the steps taken by the government in this direction like Matsya Sampada Yojna, Shaphari scheme etc.
Conclude with way forward to tackle the above challenges and the prospects it holds for the economy in future.