Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
4. Discuss in detail how the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019, protects users’ interests in the digital economy of today’s world. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The Joint Parliamentary Committee has proposed 86 amendments and one new clause to the Bill. The Committee is expected to submit its final report in the Monsoon Session of Parliament in 2021.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail how the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019, protects users’ interests in the digital economy of today’s world.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with importance of Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. While the number of people participating in the digital economy has increased exponentially over the years, there has also been a proportionate increase in the number of personal data breaches from major digital service providers.
Explain that the recent alleged data breach at MobiKwik could stand to be India’s biggest breach with the data of 9.9 crore users at risk. Robust data protection regimes are necessary to prevent such events and protect users’ interests. Unfortunately, the existing data protection regime in India does not meet this standard.
Talk about the rising threat of data breach. Present the Lacunae in existing data protection regime.
Then move on to discuss the Evolution of the bill.
Account for the significance of the provisions in it.
Explain how it protects users’ interests in the digital economy of today’s world.
Conclude that the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 could play a big role in providing robust protections to users and their personal data. However, there is the need to make some changes in the Bill targeted towards addressing various concerns in it to ensure a stronger and more effective data protection regime.