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What is the importance of coral reefs to the global environment and economy? Discuss in what way loss of corals can cause damage not only to climate but also to social, cultural and economic activities.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What is the importance of coral reefs to the global environment and economy? Discuss in what way loss of corals can cause damage not only to climate but also to social, cultural and economic activities. (250 words)

Reference:  iucn.org

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of coral reefs.  

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the importance of coral reefs to the global environment and economy and explain in what way loss of corals can cause damage not only to climate but also to social, cultural and economic activities.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief introduction of what Coral reefs are.

Body:

Coral are made up of genetically identical organisms called polyps. These polyps have microscopic algae called zooxanthellae living within their tissues.

Discuss the benefits – Healthy coral reefs contribute to fishing and tourism, providing millions of jobs and contributing to economies all over the world. Scientists develop important drugs from coral reef organisms as treatments for cancer, arthritis, and viruses. But corals are threatened by pollution and climate change.

Explain in what way loss of corals can cause damage not only to climate but also to social, cultural and economic activities.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done.

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