Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Recent Mumbai cyber-attacks point to the need to rethink what constitutes a force and what a justified response can be. In this context analyse   issues in contextualizing cyber-attack.

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.

6.  Recent Mumbai cyber-attacks point to the need to rethink what constitutes a force and what a justified response can be. In this context analyse   issues in contextualizing cyber-attack. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

Recent Mumbai cyberattacks point to the need to rethink what constitutes a force and what a justified response can be.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse the issues in contextualizing cyber-attack in detail.

 Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a brief background of cyber-attacks and their impact.

Body:

Discuss the issues in contextualizing cyberattacks; Changing definitions: The definition of combat and combatants undergoes fast mutation and excluded cyber-attacks for E.g. Lieber Code of 1863: Defines a combatant as “So soon as a man is armed by a sovereign and takes the soldier’s oath of fidelity, he is a belligerent.”

The 1899 Hague Convention: Clarity of what constitutes a regular force.

  • Force should be commanded by a person responsible for his subordinates.
  • It must have a distinctive emblem recognizable at a distance.
  • It must carry arms openly.
  • It must conduct operations in accordance with laws and customs of war.

Present India’s stand. India has given its view of the right to self-defence In a February 24, 2021, UN Arria Formula meeting on ‘Upholding the collective security system of the UN Charter.

Conclusion:

India seems to have made its intentions clear at the UN meet, but this is a game that two can play; if not regulated globally, it could lead to a wild­ West situation.