Topic: GS-2: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
GS-4: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
4. Explain in what way attitude and Behaviour can be a game changer in addressing the problems of food wastage in India. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
According to the Food Waste Index Report 2021 published by the United Nations Environment Programme, 50 kg of food is thrown away per person every year in Indian homes. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the possible role that attitude and behaviour of people can play in addressing the problems of food wastage in India.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with socking facts related to food wastage in India such as quote the statistics of the report.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
Firstly discuss the causes for food wastage in India. Nearly 40 per cent of the food produced in India is wasted every year due to fragmented food systems and inefficient supply chains — a figure estimated by the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). This is the loss that occurs even before the food reaches the consumer.
Highlight the effects of problem of food waste in the country. s per the Food Waste Index Report 2021, a staggering 50 kg of food is thrown away per person every year in Indian homes. This excess food waste usually ends up in landfills, creating potent greenhouse gases which have dire environmental implications. Meanwhile, we continue to be green washed into amassing more “organic” and “sustainable” products than we really need.
Discuss the role of attitude and behaviour of individuals in addressing the issue.
Conclude with way forward.