Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
7. Do you think the interlinking of river in India is a sustainable water management practice? Analyse with suitable examples. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
The article presents the case of Ken-Betwa river linking project.
Key Demand of the question:
One is expected to analyse if interlinking of river in India is a sustainable water management practice.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start with importance of water management practice in the country.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
What is River Inter-interlinking? – The National River Linking Project (NRLP) formally known as the National Perspective Plan, envisages the transfer of water from water ‘surplus’ basins where there is flooding, to water ‘deficit’ basins where there is drought/scarcity, through inter-basin water transfer projects.
Briefly present the history behind River Interlinking in the country.
Present the scope of the project and then critically evaluate the concerns posed by it using suitable example.
Suggest solutions like – Local solutions (like better irrigation practice) and watershed management, should be focused on. The government should alternatively consider the National Waterways Project (NWP) which “eliminates” friction between states over the sharing of river waters since it uses only the excess flood water that goes into the sea unutilized. The necessity and feasibility of river-interlinking should be seen on case to case basis, with adequate emphasis on easing out federal issues.
Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.