Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. Climate justice is vital for India for realizing its green commitment to ensure its developmental and global targets of climate change. Explain. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article explains that along with comparable levels of commitments, there need to be equally comparable metrics for well-being.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the importance of climate justice for India to realize its green commitments and ensure developmental and global targets of climate change.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the definition of climate justice.
Background to the concept of climate justice: In 2015, at the UN General Assembly when the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 was adopted and at the Paris Conference, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed a reframing of climate change to climate justice.
The Paris Agreement explicitly recognise this justice by acknowledging that peaking will take longer for such countries and is to be achieved in the context of sustainable development.
Unfortunately, this balance is now being upset for a common target and timetable.
Explain the issues with achieving climate justice.
Conclude with the importance of recognising the need for a new framework and new understanding for climate justice.