Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
2. Account for land degradation in India. Also, highlight the steps taken to check growing land degradation in India. (250 words)
Reference: Geography of India by Majid Hussain
Why the question:
The question is based on the theme of land degradation and its spatial aspects in the country.
Key Demand of the question:
One must discuss the state of land degradation in India and highlight the steps taken to check growing land degradation in India.
Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Explain shortly what you understand by land degradation.
Land degradation is defined as the long term/temporary loss of ecosystem functions and
Productivity caused by disturbances from which land cannot recover unaided. It can be caused by natural as well as anthropogenic factors.
Give the current status of land degradation and reasons behind the same in India.
Enumerate the steps taken to check growing land degradation in India.
Conclude by highlighting the steps, which should be taken towards the same.