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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 April 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1. Analyse the causes and consequences of modern racism and discuss the need to have renewed commitment to combat discrimination. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination on March 21 provides an opportunity to explore the causes and consequences of modern racism and renew commitment to combat discrimination.

Key Demand of the question:

One must analyse the causes and consequences of modern racism and discuss the need to have renewed commitment to combat discrimination.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

In the answer body explain first the different forms of Racism. Then discuss what you understand by modern racism; becoming complex and covert; Anonymity of the internet allowed racist stereotypes and inaccurate information to spread online. Continuing structural forms of discrimination, prejudiced attitudes and discriminatory acts.

Analyse the causes and consequences of modern racism.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Social empowerment

2. Along with providing salary to housework (which was recently acknowledged by political parties), there is a need to address the larger issues related to women’s employment. Comment.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explains how along with providing salary to housework (which was recently acknowledged by political parties), there is a need to address the larger issues related to women’s employment.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the need to address the larger issues related to women’s employment.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by housework.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain first the factors responsible for sudden recognition of housework; Breaking of the myth that housework is easy, talk about the Added responsibilities in housework etc.

Then discuss the problems associated with women’s employment.

Suggest solutions- need to address the exclusionary and discriminatory tendencies in the labour market.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward, suggest solutions.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Explain the salient features of National Policy of Rare disease 2021.How do you think it is a way forward in ensuring citizen’s well-being in the country? (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article talks about the National police of rare disease 2021.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the salient features of National Policy of Rare disease 2021. And explain its utility.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with briefing of the recent notification of the National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss its objectives –

  • To increase focus on indigenous research and local production of medicines.
  • To lower the cost of treatment of rare diseases.
  • To screen and detect rare diseases early at early stages, which will in turn help in their prevention.

Explain the major provisions of the policy.

Discuss in what way it helps and aids well-being of the public, quote examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. In trying to achieve the goal of a $5-trillion economy, the government should ensure that the growth is inclusive. Discuss the challenges (250 words)

Reference:  Tribune India

Why the question:

The article explains how in trying to achieve the goal of a $5-trillion economy, the government should ensure that the growth is inclusive.

Key Demand of the question:

One is

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the context of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Challenges in becoming a $5-trillion economy – Target in itself is big: Not easy to reach $5 trillion by 2024-25 with present Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is only close to $2 trillion, explain that Growth of the Gross National Product (GNP) is not development, Threat of rising inequality, Possibility of egregious consequences in trying to achieve the growth etc.

Suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that government should strategize growth and development where all essential objectives of development are met rather than trying to do distribution or waiting for trickle-down.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Examine the new challenges and strategies on water and its management on account of climate change. (250 words)

Reference:  Business Standard

Why the question:

The article presents an overview of new challenges and strategies on water and its management on account of climate change.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse the new challenges and strategies on water and its management on account of climate change.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key data on water resources and its interlinkages with climate change.  

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Implications of climate change on water management – Greater water evaporation. Drying up of moisture in the soil, making the land dusty and increase the need for irrigation, further intensifying land degradation. Increased demand for water from drinking and irrigation to fighting fires in forests or buildings. Increased extreme rain events; we can expect rain to come like a flood, making the cycle of floods followed by droughts even more intense.

Present some solutions, Strategies for addressing the new water challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of water management.

 

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.

6. Addressing the gender injustices that motivate many to join Maoist cadres can help the Indian state contain this insurgency. Critically examine. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why the question:

The article explains that addressing the gender injustices that motivate many to join Maoist cadres can help the Indian state contain this insurgency.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how gender injustices act as motivation to Maoists and lead to insurgencies. How can these be prevented.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some statistics related to Maoism in India.

Body:

Comment on expressions of gender motivators in the Red Corridor: Dominant presence of women in Maoist cadres: Women occupy 60% of total Maoist cadres and almost all operational and tactical positions responsible for sustaining Maoist rebellion. Moist appeal rooted in commitment towards women’s rights. Increasing layers of inequality: The Red Corridor’s SC/ST women know this first-hand as they endure layers of gender, caste, and class subjugation. Marginalisation of the rural economy.

Nevertheless, the above gender motivators act as just an illusion since female Maoists are face discrimination within the ranks. E.g. they face sexual assault and gendered division of roles such as cooking, cleaning and nursing.

Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done, conclude with solutions.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case study

7. You, a reporter currently working as an intern, accompanied a small group of reporters to a political event organized by the ruling party’s state unit. The party was followed by dinner where you were also asked to join. Here, you noticed that alcohol was being served to some members of the ruling party. Consumption of alcohol had been declared illegal in the state a few months ago and the ban is being enforced strictly across the state. The other reporters in your group ignored the issue and asked you to ignore it as well. However, it was clear to you that the law was not being followed. (250 words)

(a) Identify the issues involved in this scenario.

(b) What are your duties in such a scenario?

(c) What course of action would you follow and why? 

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

Why the question:

The question is a case study based on ethics and breach of law.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse the case in detail, present your opinion with suitable backing.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with facts of the case.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

  • Discuss issues such as political apathy, insensitivity and lack of values.
  • Highlight the duties as an ethical journalist and a responsible citizen.
  • Discuss the action which you would take. Reason them with suitable substantiation.

Conclusion:

Reporting the illegal consumption of banned substances will help the administration curb smuggling and in better implementation of the law. The journalistic principles of truth and fairness and duty as a citizen of not remaining merely a spectator after witnessing an illegal act but raising my voice against it will be upheld. Consumption of alcohol by party members shows a clear case of hypocrisy. Such hypocrisy must be checked to have a government with integrity.


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