Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. Examine the new challenges and strategies on water and its management on account of climate change. (250 words)
Reference: Business Standard
Why the question:
The article presents an overview of new challenges and strategies on water and its management on account of climate change.
Key Demand of the question:
Analyse the new challenges and strategies on water and its management on account of climate change.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start with some key data on water resources and its interlinkages with climate change.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
Implications of climate change on water management – Greater water evaporation. Drying up of moisture in the soil, making the land dusty and increase the need for irrigation, further intensifying land degradation. Increased demand for water from drinking and irrigation to fighting fires in forests or buildings. Increased extreme rain events; we can expect rain to come like a flood, making the cycle of floods followed by droughts even more intense.
Present some solutions, Strategies for addressing the new water challenges.
Conclude with importance of water management.