Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.
6. Addressing the gender injustices that motivate many to join Maoist cadres can help the Indian state contain this insurgency. Critically examine. (250 words)
Reference: Live Mint
Why the question:
The article explains that addressing the gender injustices that motivate many to join Maoist cadres can help the Indian state contain this insurgency.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain how gender injustices act as motivation to Maoists and lead to insurgencies. How can these be prevented.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Start with some statistics related to Maoism in India.
Comment on expressions of gender motivators in the Red Corridor: Dominant presence of women in Maoist cadres: Women occupy 60% of total Maoist cadres and almost all operational and tactical positions responsible for sustaining Maoist rebellion. Moist appeal rooted in commitment towards women’s rights. Increasing layers of inequality: The Red Corridor’s SC/ST women know this first-hand as they endure layers of gender, caste, and class subjugation. Marginalisation of the rural economy.
Nevertheless, the above gender motivators act as just an illusion since female Maoists are face discrimination within the ranks. E.g. they face sexual assault and gendered division of roles such as cooking, cleaning and nursing.
Suggest what needs to be done, conclude with solutions.