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INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 2 April 2021

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically. 

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 2:

1. Why Haryana amended rules for conduct of business in Assembly?

2. The 2006 Supreme Court ruling on police reforms.

3. BIMSTEC.

 

GS Paper 3:

1. Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector).

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. What are culex or common house mosquitoes?

2. No interest cut on small savings.

3. Exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021.

4. Third joint logistics node (JLN) in Mumbai.

5. Dadasaheb Phalke Award.


GS Paper  :  1


 

Topics Covered: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Why Haryana amended rules for conduct of business in Assembly?


Context:

Haryana has amended several provisions under its Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Legislative Assembly of the state.

  • Several new provisions have been added.

What are the new Rules in the amended provisions? What was the need for them?

  1. During every sitting of the House, presence of at least two ministers is a must, which was not maintained at times during discussion on certain Calling Attention Motions or other Business of the House.
  2. The members “shall not tear off documents in the House in protest”. There had been instances where Members occupying opposition benches had torn copies of documents in the House as a mark of protest.
  3. A supplementary question shall be held out of order by the Speaker if, in his opinion- (i) It does not arise from the main Question or its answer; (ii) Instead of seeking information, it gives information; (iii) It seeks confirmation or denial of an opinion; and (iv) It infringes any of the rule regarding question.
  4. The Speaker shall allow not more than two supplementary questions to be asked on any question.

What is the new definition of Leader of Opposition?

Leader of Opposition means Leader of a Legislative Party having the largest number of members other than the party/parties that has formed the government and having the strength at least equal to the strength of the quorum of the House and recognised as such by the Speaker.

  • Provided that if more than one party has got equal number of members competing for recognition, the number of votes polled to the which has polled more number of votes in the Assembly elections, shall be recognised as the official opposition and its leader as the Leader of the Opposition.
  • Provided further that if the total number of votes polled to both the groups equal, then the Office of the Leader of the Opposition shall be held alternatively and the order in which they will hold Office shall be decided by draw of lots.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Overview of the new rules.
  2. Who is the leader of opposition in parliament?
  3. Leader of opposition in state legislatures.
  4.  Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Legislative Assembly vs Parliament.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of these rules.

Sources: Indian Express.

 

Topics Covered: Role of civil services in a democracy.

The 2006 Supreme Court ruling on police reforms:


Context:

The Supreme Court has stated that the landmark judgment of Prakash Singh v. Union of India (2006), which dealt with police reforms, is used periodically only as a mantra, to suit the occasion whenever it arises.

What’s the issue?

The latest episode of allegations of lobbying by several IPS officers in Maharashtra and of ‘power brokers’ deciding on postings in cahoots with the government shows little has changed in the system.

What is the SC’s Prakash Singh judgment on police reforms?

Prakash Singh, who served as DGP of UP Police and Assam Police besides other postings, filed a PIL in the Supreme Court post retirement, in 1996, seeking police reforms.

  • In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court in September 2006 had directed all states and Union Territories to bring in police reforms.

What measures were suggested by the Supreme Court?

  1. Fixing the tenure and selection of the DGP to avoid situations where officers about to retire in a few months are given the post.
  2. In order to ensure no political interference, a minimum tenure was sought for the Inspector General of Police so that they are not transferred mid-term by politicians.
  3. Postings of officers should be done by Police Establishment Boards (PEB) comprising police officers and senior bureaucrats to insulate powers of postings and transfers from political leaders.
  4. Set up State Police Complaints Authority (SPCA) to give a platform where common people aggrieved by police action could approach.
  5. Separate investigation and law and order functions to better improve policing.
  6. Set up of State Security Commissions (SSC) that would have members from civil society.
  7. Form a National Security Commission.

How did states respond to these directives?

Following the 2006 judgment, not even one state was fully compliant with the apex court directives.

  • 18 states passed or amended their Police Acts in this time, but not one fully matches legislative models.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. When was the National Police Commission established?
  2. Ribeiro committee is associated with?
  3. Key recommendations made by Malimath Committee.
  4. Police under 7th schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  5. Prakash Singh case is more popularly associated with?

Mains:

Write a note on police reforms.

Sources: Indian Express.

 

Topic covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

BIMSTEC:


Context:

17th BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Ministerial meet, chaired by Sri Lanka, was held recently.

  • The meeting drew participation from all the seven-member States, including Myanmar which is witnessing a large-scale crackdown against anti-military protesters.

What is BIMSTEC?

In an effort to integrate the region, the grouping was formed in 1997, originally with Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand, and later included Myanmar, Nepal and Bhutan. BIMSTEC, which now includes five countries from South Asia and two from ASEAN, is a bridge between South Asia and Southeast Asia. It includes all the major countries of South Asia, except Maldives, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Why the region matters?

  • Over one-fifth (22%) of the world’s population live in the seven countries around it, and they have a combined GDP close to $2.7 trillion.
  • The Bay also has vast untapped natural resources. One-fourth of the world’s traded goods cross the Bay every year.

Why is BIMSTEC important for India?

As the region’s largest economy, India has a lot at stake.

  • BIMSTEC connects not only South and Southeast Asia, but also the ecologies of the Great Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal.
  • For India, it is a natural platform to fulfil our key foreign policy priorities of ‘Neighborhood First’ and ‘Act East’.
  • For New Delhi, one key reason for engagement is in the vast potential that is unlocked with stronger connectivity. Almost 300 million people, or roughly one-quarter of India’s population, live in the four coastal states adjacent to the Bay of Bengal (Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal).
  • From the strategic perspective, the Bay of Bengal, a funnel to the Malacca straits, has emerged a key theatre for an increasingly assertive China in maintaining its access route to the Indian Ocean.
  • As China mounts assertive activities in the Bay of Bengal region, with increased submarine movement and ship visits in the Indian Ocean, it is in India’s interest to consolidate its internal engagement among the BIMSTEC countries.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Bimstec.
  2. Members.
  3. Objectives.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Bimstec for India.

Sources: the Hindu.


GS Paper  :  2


 

Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector):


Context:

Russian scientists recently launched one of the world’s biggest underwater neutrino telescopes called the Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) in the waters of Lake Baikail, the world’s deepest lake situated in Siberia.

About Baikal- GVD:

  • It is one of the three largest neutrino detectors in the world along with the IceCube at the South Pole and ANTARES in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • It seeks to study in detail the elusive fundamental particles called neutrinos and to possibly determine their sources.

What are neutrinos?

Neutrinos, first proposed by Swiss scientist Wolfgang Pauli in 1930, are the second most widely occurring particle in the universe, only second to photons, the particle which makes up light. In fact, neutrinos are so abundant among us that every second, there are more than 100 trillion of them passing right through each of us — we never even notice them.

Need for studying:

Studying this will aid scientists’ understanding of the origins of the universe since some neutrinos were formed during the Big Bang, others continue to be formed as a result of supernova explosions or because of nuclear reactions in the Sun.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What are neutrinos?
  2. Properties.
  3. What are neutrino observatories? Where are they located?

Mains Link:

Critically examine the uses of understanding of neutrinos, and significance of its research for India.

Sources: Indian Express.

 


Facts for Prelims:


What are culex or common house mosquitoes?

  • Culex mosquitoes are known carriers of some serious diseases.
  • They can fly up to a distance of 1-1.5 km.
  • They breed in dirty, stagnant water.

Why in News?

Several resident welfare associations in Delhi have complained that they are noticing an increase in the number of mosquitoes in their surrounding, leading to the municipal corporations calling high-level meetings and intensifying drive to check their growth.

No interest cut on small savings:

Hours after notifying significant cuts in small savings instruments’ returns for this quarter, the government backtracked and reversed the sharp rate cuts.

How are interest rates decided?

Theoretically, since 2016, interest rate resetting has been done based on yields of government securities of the corresponding maturity with some spread on the scheme for senior citizens. However, in practice, the interest rate changes are made considering several other factors.

  • The small savings schemes basket comprises 12 instruments including the Savings Deposit, National Saving Certificate (NSC), Public Provident Fund (PPF), Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP) and Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme.

Exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021:

  • It is a multinational military exercise in Bangladesh.
  • Indian army will take part this year.
  • It will be held at Bangladesh to commemorate the birth centenary of Bangladesh ‘Father of the Nation’ Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  • Military observers from the USA, UK, Turkey, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Singapore will also be in attendance throughout the exercise.

Third joint logistics node (JLN) in Mumbai:

  • JLNs will provide integrated logistics cover to the armed forces for their small arms ammunition, rations, fuel, general stores, civil hired transport, aviation clothing, spares and also engineering support in an effort to synergise their operational efforts.
  • The government sanction letter for the establishment of the JLNs in Mumbai, Guwahati and Port Blair was signed on October 12, 2020. The JLNs in Guwahati and Tri-Services, Andaman and Nicobar Command, Port Blair, were operationalised in January this year.

Dadasaheb Phalke Award:

Rajinikanth has been conferred with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2019.

About the Award:

  • Dadasaheb Phalke award is India’s highest award in cinema.
  • It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals (an organisation set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting).
  • The award prize consists of a golden lotus, a cash prize of ₹10 lakh and a shawl.
  • The award is given to people for their “outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian cinema”.
  • It was first presented in 1969. The first recipient of the award was actress Devika Rani, “the first lady of Indian cinema.”

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