Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. Account for new threats associated with water pollution and indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The editorial explains that while we are still in the grip of the COVID-19 pandemic, which is airborne, we have forgotten that another such blight could well come from contaminated water.
Key Demand of the question:
One is expected to highlight the new threats associated with water pollution and indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources.
Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Over 70% of India’s surface and groundwater is contaminated by human and other waste and is likely to carry viruses. Indiscriminate human activity is often the reason for environmental degradation and pandemics. The practice of keeping animals locked together for mass production of meat produces an artificial environment that can birth mutations in erstwhile dormant viruses.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
- Threats of water pollution and indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources; Polluted water sources as a source of viruses, Artificial environments as hubs of mutation, Discharge of pollutants in the natural sources, Non-renewable in nature, growing population pressure etc.
- Then explain the challenges in checking pollution of water; cost of purifiers, wastage, doing away with essential minerals etc.
Suggest way forward.