Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
1. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021 hailed as progressive, discounts women’s bodily autonomy and reeks of ableism. Critically examine. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
The opinion from the Indian express explains that the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021, discounts women’s bodily autonomy and reeks of ableism.
Key Demand of the question:
Critically analyse the shortcomings of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief background of the context in question.
The answer body must have the following aspects covered:
Discuss the progressive steps in MTP Bill, 2021: compared to the MTP Act, 1971; Destigmatizing pregnancies outside marriage, Increased the legally terminable time limit.
Then present the concerns associated with MTP Bill, 2021 – Potential for executive overreach, Does not provide right to abortion at will, Promotes societal prejudices (ableism) against persons with special needs, Ignores to address the limited access to abortion facilities etc.
Conclude with suggestions as to what needs to be done.