Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
5.What is the nature and extent of unemployment problem in India? Discuss the underlying reasons and suggest measures that need to be undertaken to address the issues. (250 words)
Reference: Indian economy by Uma Kapila
Why the question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper III and aims to assess the nature and extent of unemployment problem in India.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the nature and extent of unemployment problem in India and account for the underlying reasons and suggest measures that need to be undertaken to address the issues.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the definition of unemployment or present some shocking facts related to unemployment in India.
Unemployment is found both in its rural and urban areas. There is seasonal and disguised unemployment in its rural areas. People here are dependent on agriculture. Certain months do not provide much work to the people depending upon agriculture.
Discuss the different types of unemployment and its prevalence. Bring out the underlying reasons.
Suggest what needs to be done to address the challenges pertaining to it.
Conclude with way forward.