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What is the concept of Right to reject? In what way Right to reject a candidate in elections promises systemic political reforms in India? Elucidate.

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

1. What is the concept of Right to reject? In what way Right to reject a candidate in elections promises systemic political reforms in India? Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  The Print

Why the question:

The Supreme Court has sought responses from the Centre and the Election Commission of India (EC) on a PIL seeking that an election result should be nullified if NOTA (‘None of the above’ option) gets the most votes.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of Right to reject and explain in what way Right to reject a candidate in elections promises systemic political reforms in India.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of right to reject.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Briefly explain the evolution of NOTA system in India.

Discuss the benefits of right to reject a candidate; Empower voters to express their discontent, Bring Systemic Changes in Political culture, Right to reject will check corruption, criminalization, casteism, communalism, linguisim, and regionalism etc.

Then move onto tracing the progress made on nota leading to right to reject.

Explain in what way Right to reject a candidate in elections promises systemic political reforms in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the existing NOTA system is not the same as the right to reject. The current PIL over NOTA, thus is part of a wider debate about the voters’ ‘right to reject’ — and the form that it should take. It is a necessary precondition to ensure Good governance, which is the motivating factor behind the right to reject.