Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 March 2021

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

STHIR – 2021: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  feature.undp.org

Why the question:

The coronavirus pandemic is unprecedented in our lifetimes. In just a few months it has spread to almost every continent, infecting millions and killing hundreds of thousands. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the effect of covid-19 pandemic in accelerating class inequalities and poverty.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the pandemic situation.

Body:

Such answers are best explained with facts and data to support the answer stand such as – New UNDP estimates for global human development – as a combined measure of the world’s education, health and living standards – is on course to decline this year for the first time since the concept was developed in 1990. The decline is expected across the majority of countries – rich and poor – in every region.

Explain the present status of inequalities and widespread poverty in India.

Discuss the impact of the pandemic on class inequalities and poverty.

Present the efforts of the government to prevent such an effect in the country.

Conclusion:

Suggest solutions to address the issue and conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2. Faith for Rights (F4R) movement of the United Nations (UN) provides a way to create a balance between religious traditions and rights, do you agree that India should embrace it too. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explains that India must support Faith for Rights, a UN-led movement which campaigns against incitement to national, racial or religious hatred, and exposes legislative patterns, judicial practices and government policies that undercut peaceful coexistence of different faiths.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way Faith for Rights (F4R) movement of the United Nations (UN) provides a way to create a balance between religious traditions and rights.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what is Faith for Rights (F4R) movement of the United Nations (UN).

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Explain the attempts to create a balance between various traditions and human rights.

Talk about the campaign – It campaigns against incitement to national, racial or religious hatred and exposes legislative patterns, judicial practices and government policies that undercut the peaceful coexistence of different faiths.

Discuss the recommendations of F4R: for creating a balance between religious traditions and rights. (Based on Article 20 of the International Covenant on Political and Civil Rights)

Conclusion:

Conclude by drawing inspirations from the F4R movement for India.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Only a robust public health system, and not healthcare alone, can lead to disease prevention and control, do you agree? Evaluate. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The efforts of healthcare personnel, from ASHA workers to highly specialized intensive care physicians, have saved countless lives and made India proud. The editorial throws light upon how the pandemic has demonstrated the importance of healthcare and public health in times of a health crisis.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the importance of robust healthcare system along with healthcare.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the current situation and explain in what way it has forced us to think of a robust healthcare system.

Body:

Explain that while the health-care capability in India ranks among the world’s best, it is not the case when it comes to public health. There is a need to distinguish between the two.

Healthcare refers to the transaction between one caregiver and one sick person at a time. For public health, the client is the community at large and the goal is disease prevention and control. Disease control is the deliberate, intervention-based and quantified reduction of disease burden. It has to be data-driven.

Talk about the issues associated in detail.

Highlight the issues with India’s Public Health Management.

Conclusion:

Suggest solutions to address the issue and conclude that Investment in public health will result in health, wealth and prosperity.

 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

4. critically analyse the underlying threats in China’s newly approved Brahmaputra mega-project. (250 words)

Reference:  Times of India

Why the question:

The article talks about China’s Escalating Water War.

Key Demand of the question:

One must critically analyse the underlying threats in China’s newly approved Brahmaputra mega-project.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

China’s multi-pronged unconventional war against India has ranged from cyberattacks on critical infrastructure and furtive territorial encroachments to strategic information warfare and an ongoing village building drive to populate uninhabited but disputed borderlands. Water wars are a key component of such warfare because they allow China to leverage its upstream Tibet-centred power over the most essential natural resource.

Body:

The answer body must discuss the underlying threats in detail – Underlying Threats; Weaponised water as a tool of asymmetric warfare, Water as a tool of coercive diplomacy: Breaching bilateral accords, China punitively cut off the flow of hydrological data to India, which undermined downstream flood early warning systems, resulting in preventable deaths in Assam. Misinformation/Ignorance in India: View that the Brahmaputra collects larger share of its water in India, which is only true for four monsoon months. Threats to unique hydrology and biodiversity, Ticking water bomb on downstream communities, Religious concerns etc.

 Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done and conclude.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. Integrating the best that digital currencies have to offer into the traditional financial paradigm is the need of the hour. Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint   

Why the question:

The article talks about a call to re-consider India’s aversion to cryptocurrencies and embrace the opportunities.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the importance of integrating the best that digital currencies have to offer into the traditional financial paradigm.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what digital currencies are.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

  • Discuss the concerns over Cryptocurrencies.
  • Indian policy response to Cryptocurrencies: Prohibition: In 2018, the Reserve Bank of India prohibited regulated entities from providing services that deals with or settles trades in any virtual currency. Resurrection: In 2020, Supreme Court lifted this restriction.
  • Then highlight the advantages of Cryptocurrencies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

6. Differentiate Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) from commercial banks.  Discuss the need for India to have DFIs to fund infrastructure. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic TimesIndian Expres

Why the question:

The Union Cabinet on Tuesday gave its nod to a bill for setting up of a Development Finance Institution (DFI) for funding long-term infrastructure financing. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Differentiate Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) from commercial banks.  Discuss the need for India to have DFIs to fund infrastructure.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) is.

Body:

The development finance institutions or development finance companies are organizations owned by the government or charitable institutions to provide funds for low-capital projects or where their borrowers are unable to get it from commercial lenders.

Explain the objectives of Development Finance Institutions.

Discuss the need for India to have DFIs to fund infrastructure.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

7. Explain the need for a value-based global AI governance framework to realize the true potential of the technology. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the need for a value-based global AI governance framework to realise the true potential of the technology.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the need for a value-based global AI governance framework to realize the true potential of the technology.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief introduction on significance of AI in general.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the merits of AI; Unprecedented growth: From beating human champions at Jeopardy in 2011 to vanquishing the world’s number one player of Go, to decoding proteins. The unlimited scope: AI can leapfrog us toward eradicating hunger, poverty and disease, opening up new and hitherto unimaginable pathways for climate change mitigation etc. Direct benefits: AI has helped increase crop yields, raised business productivity, improved access to credit and made cancer detection faster and more precise. Towards SDGs: A study published in Nature reviewing the impact of AI on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) finds that AI may act as an enabler on 134 or 79% of all SDG targets. Economic potential: Can contribute >$15 trillion to world economy by 2030, adding 14% to global GDP.

Then bring out the concerns associated with AI.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos