Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. To ensure Climate Justice, India has to leverage its green commitment to guarantee carbon and policy space for its developmental goals. Elucidate with suitable examples. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The question is from the article – Working towards climate justice in a non-ideal world.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in what way to ensure Climate Justice, India has to leverage its green commitment to guarantee carbon and policy space for its developmental goals.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief background of the World efforts for climate justice.
Start by explaining what actions have been taken to control greenhouse gas emissions- all the countries are being told to commit to net-zero (Green House Gas emissions) by 2050. China committed to reaching the target by 2060, but they have been strictly told to be there a decade earlier.
Present the Indian dimension – highlight the efforts, challenges and shortcomings.
Suggest upon the importance of it.
Conclude that Climate justice is very important for India. It needs to influence its green and pro-nature commitment to ensure carbon and policy space for its developmental and global aspirations. India’s diplomatic and negotiating efforts must be quickly geared to that end.