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Stop influx from Myanmar: Centre:

Topics Covered: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Stop influx from Myanmar: Centre:


Context:

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has written to the Chief Secretaries of Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh to “take appropriate action as per law to check illegal influx from Myanmar into India.”

Background:

The directive comes weeks after the military coup and subsequent crackdown in the neighbouring country led to several persons crossing over into India.

What has the Centre said?

The State governments had no powers to grant “refugee status to any foreigner” and India is not a signatory to the United Nations Refugee Convention of 1951 and its 1967 Protocol.

  • The Tatmadaw, or Myanmar military, had taken over the country after a coup on February 1.
  • India and Myanmar share 1,643-km border and people on either side have familial ties.

About the Refugee Convention 1951:

  • It is a United Nations multilateral treaty that defines who is a refugee, and sets out the rights of individuals who are granted asylum and the responsibilities of nations that grant asylum.
  • The Convention grants certain rights to people fleeing persecution because of race, religion, nationality, affiliation to a particular social group, or political opinion.
  • India not a member
  • The Convention also sets out which people do not qualify as refugees, such as war criminals. The Convention also provides for some visa-free travel for holders of travel documents issued under the convention.
  • The Convention builds on Article 14 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which recognizes the right of persons to seek asylum from persecution in other countries. A refugee may enjoy rights and benefits in a state in addition to those provided for in the Convention
  • The 1967 Protocol included refugees from all countries as opposed to the 1951 Convention that only included refugees from Europe.

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InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Indo- Myanmar border.
  2. Bordering states.
  3. Key ports and rivers.
  4. About the UN Refugee Convention.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of UN refugee Convention of 1951.

Sources: the Hindu.