InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically.
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 1:
GS Paper 2:
GS Paper 3:
GS Paper 4:
Facts for Prelims:
1. Virus passport.
2. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR).
3. Joint Exercise Dustlik.
GS Paper : 1
Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is carrying out the conservation of the Sun Temple at Konark.
About the Temple:
- Built in the 13th century, the Konark temple was conceived as a gigantic chariot of the Sun God, with 12 pairs of exquisitely ornamented wheels pulled by seven horses.
- It was built by King Narasimhadeva I, the great ruler of Ganga dynasty.
- The temple was included in UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 for its architectural greatness and also for the sophistication and abundance of sculptural work.
- The temple is a perfect blend of Kalinga architecture, heritage, exotic beach and salient natural beauty.
- It is protected under the National Framework of India by the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act (1958) and its Rules (1959).
- The Konark is the third link of Odisha’s Golden Triangle. The first link is Jagannath Puri and the second link is Bhubaneswar (Capital city of Odisha).
- This temple was also known as ‘BLACK PAGODA’ due to its dark color and used as a navigational landmark by ancient sailors to Odisha. Similarly, the Jagannath Temple in Puri was called the “White Pagoda”.
- It remains a major pilgrimage site for Hindus, who gather here every year for the Chandrabhaga Mela around the month of February.
- About Konark Sun temple.
- About Kalinga architecture.
- About Chandrabhaga Mela.
- Which temple is popularly known as White Pagoda?
Write a note on Kalinga Style of Architecture.
Topics Covered: Issues related to women.
The Union government informed the Lok Sabha that an inter-ministerial consultation for the Andhra Pradesh Disha (Special Courts for Specified Offences against Women and Children) Bill, 2020, had been initiated.
- The Bill paves the way for awarding the death penalty for rape and gang rape.
The Bill was reserved by the Governor for assent of the President.
- Bills received from States for assent of President are processed in consultation with the nodal ministries/departments.
Key features of the Bill:
- It envisages the completion of investigation in seven days and trial in 14 working days, where there is adequate conclusive evidence, and reducing the total judgment time to 21 days from the existing four months.
- It prescribes life imprisonment for other sexual offences against children and includes Section 354 F and 354 G in IPC.
- In cases of harassment of women through social or digital media, the Act states two years imprisonment for the first conviction and four years for second and subsequent convictions. For this, a new Section 354 E will be added in IPC, 1860.
- As per the Bill, the Andhra Pradesh government will establish, operate and maintain a register in electronic form, to be called the ‘Women & Children Offenders Registry’. This registry will be made public and will be available to law enforcement agencies.
- The government will establish exclusive special courts in each district to ensure speedy trial. These courts will exclusively deal with cases of offences against women and children including rape, acid attacks, stalking, voyeurism, social media harassment of women, sexual harassment and all cases under the POCSO Act.
- The government will constitute special police teams at the district level to be called District Special Police Team to be headed by DSP for investigation of offences related to women and children.
- The government will also appoint a special public prosecutor for each exclusive special court.
- Powers of Governor to reserve state bills for President’s assent.
- Procedure to be followed.
- About POCSO Act.
- Highlights of the Disha Bill.
Discuss the significance of AP Disha Bill.
Sources: the Hindu.
GS Paper : 2
Topics Covered: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Rural Development submitted its report to the Lok Sabha recently.
Highlights of the report:
- The report suggests the Centre to increase the “meagre” pensions provided for poor senior citizens, widows and disabled people.
- Assistance under the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) has been very low ranging from ₹200 to ₹500 per month under the different components of this Scheme.
- It also highlighted disparities in the payment of wages and unemployment allowances under the flagship MGNREGA scheme.
About National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP):
The NSAP is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Ministry of Rural Development. It came into effect from 15th August,1995.
It represents a significant step towards the fulfillment of the DPSP in Article 41 of the Constitution (It directs the State to provide public assistance to its citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of undeserved want within the limit of its economic capacity and development).
It aims to provide financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions.
Coverage: It currently covers more than three crore people who are below the poverty line (BPL), including about 80 lakh widows, 10 lakh disabled and 2.2 crore elderly.
Presently NSAP comprises of five schemes, namely:
- Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS).
- Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS).
- Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS).
- National Family Benefit Scheme NFBS).
- About Annapurna Scheme.
- About NSAP.
- NSAP- eligibility.
- Articles 41 and 42 of the Constitution.
Write a note on NSAP.
Sources: the Hindu.
Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.
The Supreme Court has asked the government to explain why it had not set up an “independent environment regulator” to oversee green clearances.
Background of the case:
The Supreme court had ordered the setting up of a national environment regulatory body to ensure independent oversight of green clearances way back in July 2011 in Lafarge Umiam Mining Private Limited v. Union of India, commonly known as the ‘Lafarge mining case’.
About the proposed environmental regulator:
The regulator will be setup under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, with offices in as many states as possible.
Carry out independent, objective and transparent appraisal and approval of projects for environmental clearances.
Monitor the implementation of the conditions laid down in the clearances and impose penalties on polluters.
The regulator will ensure the National Forest Policy, 1988 is duly implemented.
Need for an independent regulator:
- The green bench of the SupremeCourt has been dealing with forest-related issues for almost two decades.
- The bench has experienced major problems with the way environment and forest clearances are granted.
- It has had to deal with poor Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) reports and bad decisions of the Forest Advisory Committee which recommends diversion of forestland for developmental projects.
- It has found conflict of interest in the way an EIA report is prepared and forest area is identified, demarcated and finally diverted for non-forest uses.
In the court’s view, therefore, an independent national regulator is the solution to the problem.
- About the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
- Proposed Independent Environment Regulator.
- What is EIA?
- Lafarge mining case verdict.
Discuss the need for an independent environment regulator.
Sources: the Hindu.
GS Paper : 4
Topics Covered: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity.
Telangana High Court has sentenced District Collector P Venkatarami Reddy and Special Deputy Collector (land acquisition) Jayachandra Reddy to three and four months of imprisonment respectively.
- It faulted the officials for failing to implement its interim order to not dispossess farmers of their land for constructing the Komaravelli Mallanna Sagar reservoir under Kaleshwaram project.
What’s the issue?
The petitioners had complained that they were forcibly dispossessed of their land for constructing Mallanna Sagar reservoir as part of the Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project and that the requirements of the Land Acquisition Act were not met despite orders by the court.
Sources: the Hindu.
Facts for Prelims:
- Launched by China.
- Basically, it is a health certificate programme for Chinese international travellers.
- The digital certificate shows a user’s vaccination status and virus test results.
- Although the certificate is meant for travel in and out of China, it is currently only available for use by Chinese citizens, and it is not yet mandatory. There is also no indication authorities in other countries will use it when Chinese travellers go abroad.
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR):
A Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) or SAR, is a coherent mostly airborne or spaceborne side looking radar system which utilizes the flight path of the platform to simulate an extremely large antenna, and that generates high-resolution remote sensing imagery.
Why in News?
ISRO has completed development of a Synthetic Aperture Radar capable of producing high-resolution images for a joint earth observation satellite mission with the U.S. space agency NASA. The mission is targeted to be launched in 2022.
Joint Exercise Dustlik:
Second Edition of Joint Exercise Dustlik between Indian Army and Uzbekistan Army is being held in India.
- The exercise is based on counter-terrorist operations and aims at enhancing military cooperation.
Articles to be covered tomorrow:
- U.S. plan for Afghanistan raises concerns.
- Delhi HC seeks response on petition against new IT Rules.
Articles Covered Previously:
- UAPA (Unlawful Activities [Prevention] Act).
- Development of East Container Terminal (ECT) at the Colombo Port.
- Cyber volunteer programme.