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Account for the journey of working-class movement in India since the advent of modern industries. How did this contrasting group emerge as an organized class in late 1920s? Comment. (250 words)

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Account for the journey of working-class movement in India since the advent of modern industries. How did this contrasting group emerge as an organized class in late 1920s? Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Modern Indian history by Spectrum Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the working class movement of the 18th century.  

Key Demand of the question:

Account for the journey of working-class movement in India since the advent of modern industries and discuss their emergence as an organized class in the later phase.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the advent of working class.

Body:

Trace the development of all India class consciousness in various phases. The modern worker made their appearance in India in the second half of 19th century with the slow beginnings of Railways and modern industries. Before the nationalists began to associate with working class agitations towards the end of 19th century, there were several strikes, agitations.

Explain the phases – (1850s -1900), coming of Swadeshi movement, late 1920s onwards.

Then discuss how this process of emergence of working class as an organized all India class is inextricably linked with the growth of national movement as Indian working class could not exist before the notion of ‘Indian’ people had begun to take root.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it.

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