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TIFAC Foundation Day 2021:

  • Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), an autonomous organisation of Department of Science & Technology, today celebrated its 34th Foundation Day, here. The theme of the Foundation day was: “Technology, Innovation and Economy for Aatma Nirbhar Bharat”.
  • While underscoring the increasing nonlinearity of science in the new era, TIFAC identified the technological priorities of the future like cyber-physical systems, quantum computing, green chemistry and water.
  • Two new initiatives of TIFAC—SAKSHAM (Shramik Shakti Manch)- a dynamic job portal for mapping the skills of Shramiks vis-à-vis requirements of MSMEs to directly connect Shramiks with MSMEs and facilitate placement of 10 lakh blue-collar jobs and a Seaweed Mission for commercial farming of seaweeds and its processing for value addition towards boosting national economy were launched on the occasion.
  • By an estimate, if  sea weed cultivation is done in ≈10 million hectares or 5% of the EEZ area of India, it can provide employment to ~ 50 million people; set up new seaweed industry; contribute to national GDP; ocean productivity; abate algal blooms, sequester millions of tons CO2; create a healthier ocean; produce bio-ethanol approx. 6.6 billion litres.
  • TIFAC will demonstrate a model along with other inline ministries for commercial farming of seaweeds and its processing for value addition towards boosting national economy.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic compelled the labour force to return to their native lands due to loss of jobs. TIFAC has developed SAKSHAM, a  dynamic job portal for mapping the skills of Shramiks vis-à-vis requirements of MSMEs across the country.
  • This initiative will facilitate placement of 10 lakh blue-collar jobs (pan-India), directly connect Shramiks with MSMEs eliminating middlemen/ labour contractor, identification of skill proficiency level and development of Skill Cards for Shramiks. This portal will reduce the hardship of Shramiks in finding jobs in nearby MSMEs.

Chamoli flood glacier lake burst:

  • Parts of Uttarakhand recently witnessed massive flooding after a chunk of the Nanda Devi glacier broke off at Joshimath in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district.
  • Glacial lake outburst flood is an outburst that happens when a dam containing a glacial lake fails.
  • GLOFs have three main features:
    • They involve sudden (and sometimes cyclic) releases of water.
    • They tend to be rapid events, lasting hours to days.
    • They result in large downstream river discharges (which often increase by an order of magnitude).
  • Glaciers break because of:
    • A build-up of water pressure.
    • An avalanche of snow or rocks.
    • An earthquake under the ice.
    • Massive displacement of water in a glacial lake when a large portion of an adjacent glacier collapses into it.
  • Although glacier lakes can vary in volume, they are known to hold millions to hundreds of millions of cubic metres of water and a failure to contain ice or glacial sediment can result in water being released even for days.

UAE 1st interplanetary Mission:

  • HOPE Mission- the first Arab interplanetary mission has reach Mars’ orbit in what is considered the most critical part of the journey to unravel the secrets of weather on the Red Planet.
  • The Hope mission is a Mars orbiter spacecraft, which will study the thin atmosphere of Mars.
  • The mission is officially named the Emirates Mars Mission (EMM) and the orbiter has been named Hope or ‘Al Amal’
  • It is the first interplanetary mission for the Arab World.
  • The Hope probe has a mission life of one Martian year, which is almost two Earth years.
  • The three main objectives of the Hope probe are:
    • To understand the climate dynamics and global weather map of Mars by studying the lower atmosphere of Mars.
    • To explain how the weather of Mars affects the escape of hydrogen and oxygen, by correlating conditions in the lower and upper atmosphere.
    • To understand the presence and variability of hydrogen and oxygen in the upper atmosphere, and why Mars is losing these gases to space.