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What constitutes unpaid work? Is it a woman’s responsibility or an economic activity? Analyse and explain how it is distributed in our present society.

Topic: women empowerment

1. What constitutes unpaid work? Is it a woman’s responsibility or an economic activity? Analyse and explain how it is distributed in our present society. (250 words)

Reference:  theguardian.com

Why the question:

On the event of women’s day celebrations across the world today, the question aims to analyse the nature of unpaid work that women do and its distribution in our society.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain what unpaid work is, assess whether it’s a woman’s responsibility or an economic activity and analyse how it is distributed in our present society.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of unpaid work.

Body:

Unpaid care work constitutes for about 35% of India’s GDP and is equivalent to about 182% of the total government tax revenue.

Explain in detail that the problem of unpaid care work exists predominantly because of the many prevalent patriarchal norms in our society. These norms often involve women doing majority of unpaid care work like looking after children and older family members, cooking and cleaning. This undermines their rights and limits their opportunities, capabilities and choices and thus impeding their empowerment. While it is assumed that a major reason why women and girls face the burden of unpaid care work is illiteracy, in urban households that is usually not the case. For both rural and urban areas, the constant ground on which this happens is discrimination and gender inequality.

Suggest what needs to be done.

Discuss its impact on the society. Hint at the efforts being taken by the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

The government has a crucial role to play in promoting gender equality by ensuring equality of opportunity in public services. However, such solutions will have a limited impact unless the behavioral change of each and every individual is targeted.