Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
6. Is the morality of an action dependent upon the circumstances of the act or is it independent of it? Examine. Can an action be unethical yet moral? (250 words)
Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications
Why the question:
The question is based on the theme of morality and its linkages with ethics.
Key Demand of the question:
One has to explain the statement in question and examine the validity of morality vis-à-vis ethicality of a situation.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the definition of what Morality is.
Morality is individual’s own sense of right or wrong which is subject to change according to their changing social milieu and associated social, cultural, religious and political conditionings. Besides this there is an existence of transcendental, objective moral truths which functions regardless of geographic location, place in history or form of culture. Humans have historically recognized some objective moral absolutes; these principles transcend culture, location and history.
The doctrine that says that morality is depended on circumstance sees morality in relative terms and it has important implications for how we conduct our lives, organize our societies, and deal with others.
Give examples and explain if anything unethical can be moral and vice-versa.
Conclude with fair and balanced opinion.