Topic: State legislature
2. “Constitutionally, the American Senate is the more powerful than Indian Rajya Sabha”. Do you agree? Comment. (250 words)
Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant
Why the question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.
Key Demand of the question:
The question aims to bring out a fair comparison of powers of American senate and that of Rajya Sabha of India and highlight in what way former is constitutionally stronger than the later.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the bicameral nature of both the constitutions.
In bicameral legislature, the upper house is setup to provide representation to the states and to prevent any hasty decisions by the lower house. In USA, the upper house of Congress is known as Senate, whereas in India such body is called Rajya Sabha.
Then explain the Upper house’s power against Lower house in both cases.
Then talk about Upper house’s power against Executive.
Explain that American federalism is a result of the agreement among the states. Therefore, to provide adequate strength / effective checks and balances to the states against the Union Executive, their senate is given more powers than any upper house in the world -including Rajya Sabha of India.
Thus from the above features, it is evident that US Senate is much powerful than any upper house in the world -including the Rajya Sabha of India.