Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 March 2021

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

STHIR – 2021: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. The colonial encounter, the birth of the new intelligentsia, the nuanced conversation with the West or its ‘Enlightenment’ philosophies, and the rigorous process of inner churning led to what is generally regarded as the ‘Bengal Renaissance’. Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Political parties are trivializing Vivekananda, Tagore and Bose to win the West Bengal elections.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various reasons that led to the ‘Bengal Renaissance’ in the nineteenth century.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining the ‘Bengal Renaissance’ and the great personalities associated with the process of renaissance.

Body:

In detail, elaborate up on the caused that led to the awakening in the nineteenth century. The first and foremost reason was the British rule and its deep influence on political, economic, social and culture life of India. It created conditions favourable to intellectual growth. Second was the effort of the European Orientalists, whose efforts put India’s glorious past into limelight. This includes work done by Sir William Jones, James Princep, Charles Wilkins, Max Muller etc. Further, many Indian scholars such as Raja Rammohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidaysagar, Swami Vivekananda etc. also contributed in reinterpreting India’s past. Third was the highly creative literature, marked by fusion of old and new. Fourth was the detrimental effect of the Christian missionaries who held that propaganda of Christianity in India would serve Britain’s imperial interests; and would secure the empire. The Indians took it as an onslaught on their religion and social customs. They wanted to reform it so that evil social practices could be removed from society.

Conclusion:

Summarize the impact of the socio-religious reform movement as well its contribution towards the emergence of nationalism.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2. Anti Defection law has reduced legislators to being accountable primarily to the party and failed to preserve the stability of governments. Critically Comment. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth.

Why the question:

This question is the part of static syllabus of G-S-2.

Key Demand of the question:

To comment of the effectiveness of the anti-defection law in preventing defections.

Directive:

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start your answer with brief description of anti-defection law in the country.

Body:

Mention briefly what is Anti-Defection law, its importance but how it has been misused. Mention about the working of Anti-Defection law, the issues concerning the same.

Also, mention the importance of intra-party debates and dissent and the effect of anti-defection law on healthy democracy.

Present relevant court judgments to substantiate your stand wherever required.

Conclusion:

Conclude that there is a need to define the procedure clearly and set a definite and reasonable time limit for each step of the process, ensuring transparency.

 

Topic:  Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. Lawmaking should not be a mechanical stamping of the government’s legislative proposals but their careful examination by the Parliament. Discuss this statement in the light of the role played by parliamentary committees. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth.

Why the question:

This question is part of static syllabus of G-S-2.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss what parliamentary committees are and explain in what way they ensure legislatures and executive’s efficiency and accountability.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

It is a permanent and regular committee which is constituted from time to time according to the provisions of an Act of Parliament or Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business. Parliamentary committees draw their authority from Article 105 (on privileges of Parliament members) and Article 118 (on Parliament’s authority to make rules for regulating its procedure and conduct of business).

Body:

In the answer body explain in what way these committees play important role in ensuring legislature and executive efficiency and accountability in following ways – The deliberations and scrutiny by committees ensure that Parliament is able to fulfill some of its constitutional obligations in a politically charged environment. They also help in obtaining public feedback and building political consensus on contentious issues. They help develop expertise in subjects, and enable consultation with independent experts and stakeholders. The committees perform their functions without the cloud of political positioning and populist opinion etc. They increase the efficiency and expertise of Parliament. Their reports allow for informed debate in Parliament.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Parliamentary committees increase the efficiency, expertise of Parliament and act as check and balance which must be constituted at the earliest.

 

Topic:  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

4. Decentralized systems are the quintessential patrons of simplicity. The 15th Finance Commission missed its chance to fix imbalances and pre-empt deeper political discontent over federalism. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The 15th FC report is unprecedented in the history of independent India, coming as it does after a major pandemic and being the first one after the imposition of a nationwide goods and services tax (GST).

Key Demand of the question:

To analyze the 15th FC recommendations and comment on the overall nature of the report with regards to fix imbalances with respect federalism.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The 15th Finance Commission tenure was extended by a year, requiring it to give an interim report first, with its work culminating in a virtual zero-visibility zone as the COVID-19 pandemic broke out months before its deadline.

Body:

In the body, talk about the various issues concerning the 15th Finance commission. Then write about the various aspects of the report presented by the FC.

Pair of balanced scales maintained by the 15th FC, States’ share in the divisible pool of taxes, States’ share in the divisible pool of taxes, sanitation and water services etc.

Talk about the major concerns from the certain shortcomings of the report. New fiscal framework, more cesses and surcharges, undermines cooperative fiscal federalism, dilutes the joint responsibility and power equation between the states and local bodies etc.

Conclusion:

Sum it off with a balanced judgement regarding the recommendations of the 15th FC.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. Loan waivers are a populist short term fix rather than a long term solution. Examine. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

At least two of the five poll-bound states today rushed to announce populist schemes hours ahead of the election dates being announced. Tamil Nadu and West Bengal introduced various policy changes seemingly aimed at electoral prospects.

Key Demand of the question: To write about how the loan waivers are just only a short terms fix but vicious cycle of debt remains unbroken.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write about the populist practices of announcement of loan waivers in poll bound states.

Body:

Highlight why such unconditional loan waivers are problematic as they cause a moral hazard

Lead to lead to debt overhang (essentially stagnated investments due to any new income being used largely for paying back old debts). Lead to vicious cycle of debt that sometimes characterizes farm households in India. Etc

Analyze what are the situations where a loan waiver might prove beneficial. Monitoring of debt and ensuring appropriate governance mechanisms for new loans or targeted benefits. Although this may involve additional enforcement costs for the government, it will likely be far lower than the huge fiscal burden associated with debt relief schemes.

Conclusion:

Give your view on unconditional loan waivers and whether directed financial help that reduce farmers vulnerability might help.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6.  What do you understand by the following quote?

“Thinking is the talking of the soul with itself” -Plato

 (150 words)

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by explain the quote in brief.

Body:

Plato was an Athenian philosopher and have many quotes on wide range of topics.

Plato says that act of thinking can be a perfect substitute to talking to your soul. It’s about “me time” when you are having your own company and these can be very important to oneself.

This state can be called as meditation or self-talk which is the best and a must thing to do in today’s life. This can lead to constructive ideas, solving of ethical dilemmas and give oneself a sense of tranquil and confidence.

Conclusion:

Mention its relevance in talking to yourself out of todays rushed and distracted life.

 

Topic:  Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. What do you understand by the following quote?

“The ignorant man pronounces, the wise man questions and reflects” -Aristotle   (150 words)

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by explain the quote in brief.

Directive:

Body:

Even in this hypercompetitive world, we hear many ignorant people who think that the ones who shout the loudest or the one who show the greatest confidence when speaking are the wisest ones. However, while some indulge and bask in their supposed wisdom, others question, reflect and investigate.

We could almost see this quote as a kind of premonition of the scientific methods that would develop later. Don’t claim anything until you are certain that what you are saying is true. That is why some people say that the ignorant speak using the mouths of those who really know. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Mention its relevance in the present day especially with growing social media induced nuisance. 


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos