Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
1. The Socio-Religious reformers of the 19-20th century aimed at modernization rather than westernization. Do you agree? Discuss. (250 words)
Reference: Modern Indian history by Spectrum Publications
Why the question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part Modern history.
Key Demand of the question:
One is expected to elaborate on the statement and present opinion.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain about the socio-religious reforms of the 19-20th century.
Write a line about the difference between modernization and westernization.
Discuss how such socio-religious reforms aimed at modernisation rather than westernization.
Conclude with the positive impacts of the reforms on Indian society.
Conclude how In the evolution of modern India the reform movements of the 19-20th century have made very significant contributions. They stood for the democratization of society, removal of superstition and abhorrent customs, spread of enlightenment and the development of a rational and modern outlook.