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‘Pandemic generation’ hit hard: CSE

Topics Covered: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

‘Pandemic generation’ hit hard: CSE:


Context:

State of Environment Report, 2021 was recently released by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).

Highlights:

Impact by Covid 19:

  1. Biggest Concern: India is all set to usher in a “pandemic generation”, with 375 million children (from newborns to 14-year-olds) likely to suffer long-lasting impacts.
  2. The challenges could range from being underweight, stunting and increased child mortality, to losses in education and work productivity.
  3. Over 500 million children have been forced out of school globally and India accounts for more than half of them.
  4. 115 million additional people might get pushed into extreme poverty by the pandemic — and most of them live in South Asia.
  5. India ranked 117 among 192 nations in terms of sustainable development and was now behind all South Asian nations, except Pakistan.

State of environment:

  1. India’s air, water and land have become more polluted between 2009 and 2018.
  2. Of 88 major industrial clusters in the country, 35 showed overall environmental degradation, 33 pointed to worsening air quality, 45 had more polluted water and in 17, land pollution became worse.
  3. Tarapur in Maharashtra emerged as the most polluted cluster.
  4. This data clearly indicated a lack of action over the years to control and reduce pollution even in areas that were already identified as critically or severely polluted.

Performance of various states:

When ranked on the basis of achieving Sustainable Development Goals:

  1. The best performing States were Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
  2. The worst performers were Bihar, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Uttar Pradesh.

InstaLinks:

Have a brief overview of the key findings.

Sources: the Hindu.