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Discuss the challenges to urbanization in India. Also, suggest methods for improving the efficiency of urban agglomerations in India.

Topic: Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Discuss the challenges to urbanization in India. Also, suggest methods for improving the efficiency of urban agglomerations in India. (250 words)

Reference:  “No more urban legend” – The economic times

Why the question:

15th Finance Commission has provided some insights for improving the efficiency of urban agglomerations in India. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One must explain the challenges to urbanization in India and suggest methods for improving the efficiency of urban agglomerations in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key data on urban setup in India.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

First explain the benefits of urbanisation in detail.

Then explain the challenges to urbanization in India such as – Slow growth , Emphasis on self-sufficient villages, Spatial and functional fragmentation in the governance of urban agglomerations, Lack of Integrated and coordinated governance across an urban agglomeration, Non-compliance with 74th Constitutional Amendment (Articles 243P and 243ZE)  etc.

Later present some initiatives for planned urbanization like – Urban employment programme Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)-1997, Housing programme Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY)-2001, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)-2005 etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward.