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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 February 2021

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Fundamental Rights

1. Article-19-has-its-own advantages and disadvantages in India. In this context explain how far India needs regulation over social media. Discuss.  (250 words)

Reference:  Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II , part Indian polity.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is premised on the regulation of social media and its association with Article 19.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key data/statistics related to use of social media in India.

Body:

In the answer body first explain the statement “Article-19-has-its-own advantages and disadvantages in India” in detail.

List down in detail the merits and demerits of Article 19 enshrined in the Indian constitution.

Then discuss the need for regulation over social media in India. Present the issues associated and suggest solutions to it.  Explain how article 19 can act as both advantage and disadvantage in regulating social media.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Fundamental Rights

2. Account for the significance of the right to protest in a democracy. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II , part Indian polity- fundamental rights.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is based on the theme of Fundamental rights of Indian constitution.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by Right to Protest.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

  • Importance of dissent in a democracy. The Right to protest peacefully is enshrined in the Indian Constitution—Article 19(1)(a) guarantees the freedom of speech and expression; Article 19(1)(b) assures citizens the right to assemble peaceably and without arms.
  • Explain how by virtue of exercising Right to protest, citizens become watchdogs and constantly monitor governments’ acts. It also provides feedback to the governments about their policies and actions after which the concerned government, through consultation, meetings and discussion, recognizes and rectifies its mistakes.
  • Link of right to protest with freedom of expression. Give examples of constitutional provisions.
  • Provide a balanced argument against the right to protest.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

3. Throw light upon the fundamental challenges in effective implementation of Anti- defection law in the country. (250 words)

Reference:  Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The article explains how the anti-defection law has been singularly responsible for stifling debate in our Parliament and state legislatures. For example, approximately 250 Members of Parliament (MPs) in the Lok Sabha have declared their profession as farmers.

Key Demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the fundamental challenges in effective implementation of Anti- defection law in the country.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the anti-defection law.

Body:

In the body, explain its importance first and then explain how it has been often misused.

Mention about the working of Anti-Defection law, the issues concerning the same.  Explain the flaws of the current Anti-defection law.

Also, mention the importance of intra-party debates and dissent and the effect of anti-defection law on healthy democracy. Present relevant court judgments to substantiate your stand wherever required. Conclusion:

Conclude that there is a need to define the procedure clearly and set a definite and reasonable time limit for each step of the process, ensuring transparency.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to education

4. Examine the gaps in the India’s online learning experience. Suggest measures to address the same. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article “The blank pages in India’s online learning experience” explains the challenges before India in online learning experience.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the issues related to India’s online learning experience.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the current context of online education in the country.

Body:

Start by explaining the fact that the world is presently grappling with the adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the social, economic and political spheres. India can be counted among those nations that have been impacted severely.

Analyse in detail how initiating a rapid transition to synchronized digital learning following the pandemic has many learnings for Indian education system.

Discuss challenges like – lack of realistic assessment, lack of reach in terms of technology penetration etc.

Explain what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. In the context of recently proposed National Hydrogen Energy Mission, analyse the prospects for hydrogen as an energy carrier.  (250 words)

Reference:  Economic TimesIndian Express

Why the question:

The article explains pros and cons of hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Thus the context of the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One must analyse the prospects for hydrogen as an energy carrier.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Hydrogen is expected to play a key role as an energy carrier in future.

Body:

Start by explaining what is a hydrogen fuel; Hydrogen is the lightest and first element on the periodic table. Since the weight of hydrogen is less than air, it rises in the atmosphere and is therefore rarely found in its pure form, H2.

Explain the energy scenario in the country. Discuss the pros and cons of hydrogen fuel.

Highlight the coming of National Hydrogen Energy Mission, its ambition, mission and significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for recognising hydrogen as a potential fuel.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case study

6. You are a civil servant posted in a state where elections were recently held. The newly elected Chief Minister had promised to ban alcohol in several of his election campaigns as well as his election manifesto, which was widely praised and supported by women of the state. Fulfilling his electoral promise, the Chief Minister has ordered a blanket ban on the sale of alcohol in the state. Following the ban, concerns have been raised about the feasibility of the ban and whether the government should interfere in what is considered by many to be a matter of personal choice. (250 words)

(a) Who are the stakeholders in this case and how are they affected by the ban?

(b) Is blanket ban on alcohol a feasible action?

(c) Identify the issues that may arise while enforcing the ban and the steps you will take to handle them, as a civil servant. 

Why the question:

The question is a case study.

Key Demand of the question:

One must weigh the ethical conditions in the question and give solutions.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Identify the stakeholders in the case and the effect of alcohol ban on them.

  • Comment on whether blanket ban is a feasible action or a coercive action taken by the government.
  • State the issues that will arise after the enforcement and suggest measures to handle them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.

 

Topic: Quote based quotation

7. “Those who say religion has nothing to do with politics do not know what religion is”. Explain. Further examine the role of religion in formation of political attitude in the Indian context. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is a quotation based one.  One must examine the role of religion in formation of political attitude in the Indian context.

Key Demand of the question:

Examine the role of religion in formation of political attitude in the Indian context

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with basic idea of the quote.

Body:

This is the quote given by Mahatma Gandhi, which underlines the importance of religion in shaping political and moral attitude of people. The answer can be framed in the following manner

Elaborate the statement and its assumptions in detail.

Discuss how religion played an important role in shaping political attitude in India.

Partition of India on communal lines and existence of political parties adhering to a particular religious ideology are examples and validation of the above quote by Mahatma Gandhi.

Conclusion:

Conclude that in a developing society, like India, where tradition coexists with modern practices, religion still plays a very important role in the distribution of power in society. Hence, the idea that politics is immune from religious ideas is tantamount to ignorance about the powerful role religion plays in the socio-political life of Indian society. It can be said that religion still fundamentally shapes political attitude of a large section of people in India.


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