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Telangana achieves 100% tap water connections to schools

Topics Covered: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Telangana achieves 100% tap water connections to schools:


Context:

Work on providing connection to schools, AWCs and ashramshalas was taken up under the 100-day special campaign of the Ministry of Jal Shakti under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

Now, Telangana has joined a group of States that has ensured tap water connections to all schools and anganwadi centres (AWCs).

  • Previously, the State was the first to provide tap water connections to all households.

About Jal Jeevan Mission:

Announced in August 2019.

Objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural households by 2024.

It seeks to provide 55 lpcd (Litres per capita per day) of prescribed quality on long-term and regular basis.

  • It aims to create local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household waste water for reuse in agriculture.

Implementation:

Following the principles  of Gandhiji’s ‘Gram Swaraj’, under Jal Jeevan Mission, local village community/ Gram Panchayats or sub-committee i.e. Village Water & Sanitation Committee/ Paani Samiti/ user groups having 10 – 15 members with 50% women are to be involved in planning, implementation, management, operation and maintenance of water supply systems to ensure long-term sustainability to achieve drinking water security.

Funding Pattern:

  1. The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
  2. Central funding will be 50% for cities with less than 1 lakh population, one third for cities with 1 lakh to 10 lakh population and 25% for cities with million plus population.

Need for and significance of the mission:

India has 16% of the world population, but only 4% of freshwater resources. Depleting groundwater level, overexploitation and deteriorating water quality, climate change, etc. are major challenges to provide potable drinking water. It is an urgent requirement of water conservation in the country because of the decreasing amount of groundwater level. Therefore, the Jal Jeevan Mission will focus on integrated demand and supply management of water at the local level.

Sources: the Hindu.